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      • Study and Test the Entire Bible in a Year, Every Year
        – Week 6 –

The sixth study from the HomeGroups Bible-in-a-year from the book of Genesis to Revelation is so named because the bible study begins with the words “Now these are the records of the generations of Isaac” (Genesis 25:19) [Toldot (תולדות) which means “generations”] . A record of your generations today we call, “family history”. This week’s study tells us the story of the birth of Jacob and Esau and their struggle for the birthright and blessing of their father, Isaac. We also learn about Isaac’s trials and difficulties in the land of Canaan. The study includes Jacob’s deception of Isaac in order to procure the family blessing as well as what Jacob’s family looks like through the gospels and Revelation. This may very well be the most powerful Bible study you have EVER seen, it just may blow your mind!


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You will also find study guides by chapter and advanced study of the original languages following the Bible study outline. While it is our belief that many of the letters of the New Testament were originally written in Aramaic and/ or Hebrew, the Greek texts are used for study even when there are known Hebrew manuscripts (eg. Mathew and Hebrews).


Quick Bible Audio & Text:

Listen to all the Bible study below or click the link to read them at biblegateway.com in your favorite translation:


Bible Outlines & Chapter Study Guides

 

TORAH/ PENTATEUCH

  • Penteteuch/ Torah Genesis 25:19-28:9 | Sarah, Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael
    • Genesis 25:19 | The Birth and Youth of Esau and Jacob
    • Genesis 25:29 | Esau Sells His Birthright
    • Genesis 26:1 | Isaac and Abimelech
    • Genesis 26:34 | Esau’s Hittite Wives
    • Genesis 27:1 | Isaac Blesses Jacob
    • Genesis 27:30 | Esau’s Lost Blessing
    • Genesis 27:41 | Jacob Escapes Esau’s Fury
    • Genesis 28:6 | Esau Marries Ishmael’s Daughter

WRITINGS

  • Writings  1 Chronicles 16 | Worship in David’s Tent
    • 1Ch 16:1 | Ark of God
    • 1Ch 16:7 | The praise of Asaph and his kinsmen
    • 1Ch 16:37 | David still ruler over Israel and over Judah.

PROPHETS

  • Prophets Malachi 1:1-2:7 | Warning to the Kohanim and Levites
    • Mal 1:1 | Introduction
    • Mal 1:2 | Israel Preferred to Edom
    • Mal 1:6 | Corruption of the Priesthood

GOSPELS

Gospels  Mark 3 | Appointing the Twelve

  • Mark 3:1 | Jesus/Yeshua entered the synagogue on Sabbath (as was His practice).
  • Mark 3:5 | Jesus/Yeshua heals a hand, it was restored .
  • Mark 3:13 | Appointing the Twelve Apostles who will judge the 12 Tribes (Mt 19)

LETTERS

  • James (Jacob) 1 |  Letter to the 12 tribes
    • James (Jacob) 1:1 | To the twelve tribes in the Dispersion
    • James (Jacob) 1:2-27 |Rejoice in Trials, Quick to Listen, Slow to Anger

James (Jacob) Chapter 1 Study Guide

James (Jacob) Outline

  • Romans 10 | The Misdirected Zeal of Israel, Judah and “gentiles”
  • Romans 10:1 | Paul is sorrowful for the house of Israel’s condition.
  • Romans 10:11 | YHVH is Lord of all
  • Romans 10:7 | So faith comes from hearing

Romans Chapter 10 Study Guide

Romans Outline

  •  Hebrews 11 | Jacob blesses sons of Joseph- Ephraim & Menasse through faith (the foundation)

Hebrews Chapter 11 Study Guide

Hebrews Outline

Revelation 7,14 | Both houses of Jacob (all 12 tribes and sojourners) are sealed

  • Revelation 7:1 | An angel seals the servants of God in their foreheads.
  • Revelation 7:4 | The number of those who were sealed of the tribes of Israel: 144,000.
  • Revelation 7:9 | Of all the other nations an innumerable multitude, which stand before the throne.
  • Revelation 14:1 | The Lamb standing on Mount Zion with his company of 144,000 sealed.
  • Revelation 14:8 | The fall of Babylon.
  • Revelation 14:15 | The harvest of the world.

Revelation Chapter 7 Study Guide

Revelation Chapter 14 Study Guide

Revelation Outline

The Roots of Revelation


Bible Study Commentary

The English name Genesis comes from the Septuagint (LXX), the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. Genesis means “origins.” Therefore, the Greek name for the first book of the Bible means “The Book of Origins.”

We see this week the full spectrum, from Genesis to Revelation, the continual and repetitive picture of 2 becoming 1 yet again just as Adam became “Adam & Eve” and was commanded to “become one flesh”. Last week we saw Isaac and Ismael. Ishmael was promised 12 princes as offspring just as we are seeing the birth of Jacob who will be given 12 sons that will become 12 tribes. And just like it was Eve, not Adam, who received the prophecy concerning her seed. It was Miriam (Mary), not Joseph who received the prophetic words of the virgin birth. And it was Rebecca, not Isaac who received the word of God’s choice to prefer Jacob over Esau. He was going to prefer Esau.

Jacob and Esau are “Two nations in the womb, and two peoples from her body who will be separated” (Gen 25:23) just like Israel’s sons will become 2 nations/ kingdoms/peoples/houses after king David dies. But this early in the Bible-in-a-year, the split has not happened yet on the “historical” timeline of Israel’s history in the OT.

We do see, however, that when we get into the parts of the NT scriptures, the houses had already split and Jesus/ Yeshua has come to restore the lost sheep of the house of Israel (Mt 15:24).

Just as Jacob was given 12 sons, Jesus was given 12 men (Jn 17:12) who will sit on 12 thrones with Him and judge the 12 tribes (Mt 19) of Israel in New Jerusalem going in and out through its 12 gates; there is no “gentile” gate. As Malachi prophesies the corrupted priests and Levites, we see also Jesus/ Yeshua has perfected the priesthood already (Hb 7) and has chosen 12 men who will take the good news of the kingdom to the entire world.

I believe it was in their flesh that the Apostles chose a replacement for Judas/ Judah by casting lots and choosing Mathias, because obviously Jesus/ Yeshua already had plans to call Paul into ministry.

James (Jacob) is one of the earliest letters we have in the NT. We see how quite “coincidentally” the letter from Jacob (Gr Ἰάκωβοs) is written to the 12 tribes. Why we have ended up calling the book “James” is anyone’s guess, just as much as why every instance of almost 7 thousand occurrences of the sacred name of God is changed to “the LORD” is anyone’s guess. But we do see evidence that people are seeing this error.

Believing that Paul is the writer of both Romans and Hebrews (it is debatable), we read Paul clarifying that Jesus/ Yeshua is the physical manifestation in the flesh of the Word of God; the Torah. In verse 6 he quotes Dt 30:12 saying that the Messiah IS the Torah in the flesh! And just just as the Pentateuch/ Torah was given to Israel to teach all humanity, so was the Messiah given for all humanity! DT 30:14 says:

the word is very near you; it is in your mouth and in your heart so you may obey it.

Like so many other words of the “New Testament”, this is simply repeated words from the Hebrew Bible (OT) with a little clarification or explanation. Faith was always the key factor, which brings us to the famous “faith” chapter in the Bible. By faith, Jacob blessed the sons of Joseph; which means, Jacob obeyed the Holy Spirit that told him to bless Ephraim over Mennasseh (Gen 48:14). This is yet another picture of 1 splitting into 2 (then being restored) as Joseph begins to be represented in the adopting of his 2 sons into Israel.

We end off with reviewing the bride of the last days from last week, the 144 thousand, the 12 tribes of Israel restored. But as the result of sin as well ass the adoption of Joseph’s 2 sons we see the 12 tribes of Revelation look a little different than the 12 tribes of Genesis, Exodus or Numbers. To put it very simply, the last days’ list of tribes doesn’t have Dan or Ephraim listed. Could it be that one of those tribes is a source of anti-Messiah and the other is the one doing the restoring of all-Israel while waiting on the return of the Messiah so God can fulfill the Ezekiel 37 dry bones/ 2 sticks prophesy once-for-all?

Jacob & Esau & Edom

Jacob made a stew. Esau returns from hunting, exhausted and famished. When he sees the stew he exclaims, “Please let me have a swallow of that red stuff there, for I am famished: therefore was his name called Edom.” The Hebrew is even more comical. He uses a verb more appropriate to describe “slopping the pigs.” In his desperation, he cannot quite formulate the word for soup, so he stammers around calling it, “red, red stuff.” “Quick, slop me some of that red, red stuff!” he begs.

Jacob, on the other hand, replies calmly and deliberately and in clear legal terms, “Sell me as this day (from this day on) your birthright.” There are no hidden terms, no fine print, and no deceitful bait-and-switch. It is a straightforward and honest offer.

Esau should have refused. He should have been insulted that Jacob would suggest such a sacrilege. Jacob asked him to forfeit everything that Abraham and Isaac had cherished—the entire covenant, the land of Canaan, the blessings and the promises, the future destiny of the nation, all for the price of a bowl of soup.

Instead of refusing the offer, Esau briefly considered it and accepted the terms. He said, “Behold, I am about to die; so of what use then is the birthright to me?” This was hyperbole. His life was not in danger; he was not about to die. He let his appetite dictate his will. His desire for red, red stuff, at the moment, outweighed the value of being Isaac’s firstborn. This is a picture of what mainstream christianity is becoming today! It is an example of what the Bible prophesied would happen in the last days!

Whenever we allow our appetites to rule us, we follow in the footsteps of Esau. A disciple of Jesus/ Yeshua should not let his desire for “red, red stuff” dictate his decisions. Opportunities to honor or despise his birthright in the kingdom pass before him on a daily basis. He is constantly placed in positions where he must decide between what he craves and what is right. A man controlled by his appetites is a godless man. All forms of materialism and greed fall into the same category. Some people desire power, control, and prestige. Others will find that physical addictions and substance abuse dictate their decisions in life. For many men and women, sexual temptation is the “red, red stuff” for which they are willing to compromise their spiritual birthright. All of these are signs of the spirit of Esau. The writer of the book of Hebrews warns us:

Let there be no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a single meal. For you know that even afterwards, when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought for it with tears. (Hebrews 12:16-17)

Disciples of Jesus/ Yeshua are supposed to be children of Jacob/ Israel, not children of Esau. Our animal nature should not rule us. We belong, not to our appetites, but to the Master. Our heads must rule our hearts:

“Food is for the stomach and the stomach is for food, but God will do away with both of them. Yet the body is not for immorality, but for the Lord, and the Lord is for the body” (1 Corinthians 6:13).

Esau accepted Jacob’s offer. The Hebrew of the Penteteuch/ Torah artfully describes Esau’s cavalier exit with a succinct series of one-word verbs: “He ate; he drank; he rose; he left, and he despised his birthright.”

EDOM = ADAM

We saw already how Esau was called ‘Edom‘ אדום because of his sin in selling his birthright in order to eat. This is the epitome of all sin, a momentary gratification that causes great damage to the sinner and those around him.

Hebrews says,

“Follow after peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no man will see the Lord, looking carefully lest there be any man who falls short of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and many be defiled by it; lest there be any sexually immoral person, or profane person, like Esau, who sold his birthright for one meal. For you know that even when he afterward desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for a change of mind though he sought it diligently with tears.” Hebrews 12:14-17

Interestingly, Adam, whose name shares the shoresh (root) with Edom, also forfeited his inheritance through “eating” thus losing access to the Tree of Life,

“And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and she gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat.” Genesis 3:6

EDOM = ROME = CHRISTIANITY

The Biblical patterns in the Bible of God hiding things is rampant (Proverbs 25:2)! Just like Joseph, Moses and Jesus were hidden in Egypt; Just like Jacob was hidden in Esau, the Jewish Messiah is hidden in christianity! Just like Joseph’s brothers didn’t recognize him dressed like an Egyptian, so too our brothers of Judah (the Jews) don’t recognize the Messiah because we have dressed Him up like a Roman.

In Jewish thought, Rome is synonymous with Christianity, and is, a system that conceals the Jewishness of Yeshua (Jesus). This is where Messiah’s Name is hidden and is a prisoner. The idea of the imprisoned Messiah may be alluded to in Ecclesiastes:

“Better is a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king who doesn’t know how to receive admonition any more. For out of prison he came forth to be king, yes, even in his kingdom he was born poor.”Ecclesiastes 4:13-14

Edom links to Rome, based on a prophecy in Psalms that speaks of the children of Edom destroying the Temple as Rome did in 70 C.E.,

“Remember, O LORD, against the children of Edom, the day of Jerusalem; who said, ‘Raze it! Raze it even to its foundation!” Psalms 137:7

It could be argued that most of the burners of the 2nd temple weren’t actually Roman, but I digress. Even the Jewish sages of old say this themselves. Sefer Zerubbabel says the Jewish Messiah is imprisoned in Rome,

“He said to me, ‘Go to the “house of filth” near the market-district,’ and I went just as he had commanded me. He said to me, ‘Turn this way,’ and so I turned. He touched me, and then I saw a man (who was) despicable, broken down and in pain. That despicable man said to me: ‘Zerubbabel!? What business do you have here? Who has brought you here?’ I responded and said: ‘A wind from the Lord lifted me up and carried me to this place.’ He said to me: ‘Do not be afraid, for you have been brought here in order that He might show you (and then you in turn might inform the people of Israel about everything which you see).’ When I heard his words, I was consoled and regained my self-composure. I asked him, ‘Sir, what is the name of this place?’ He said to me, ‘This is mighty Rome, wherein I am imprisoned.’ I said to him, ‘Who then are you? What is your name? What do you seek here? What are you doing in this place?’ He said to me, ‘I am the Messiah of the L-rd, the son of Hezekiah confined in prison until the time of the End.’ Sefer Zerubbabel, translated by John C. Reeves 

As Jacob was cloaked in Esau, and Joseph and Moses were cloaked in Egypt, the Jewish Messiah is cloaked in christianity, but He is not part of the system. From a distance, he appears to be part of Rome, but he is actually on the outside of its gates, waiting for Israel and Judah to be ready to reunite (Ez 37). Isaiah speaks of this day,

“Who is this who comes from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? This who is glorious in his clothing, marching in the greatness of his strength? It is I who speak in righteousness, mighty to save.” Isaiah 63:1

The Hebrew passage ends with what could ALMOST be translated as “Master Jesus, or Rabbi Jesus”. The Jewish sage Ramchal, R’ Moshe Chaim Luzzato, comments on this passage,

…ועתה הנני מפרש לך סוד אחד חתום מאד והוא מה שכתוב מי זה בא מאדום וגוי [ישעיה סג, א] וכל זה הוא הצדיק, והוא משיח בן יוסף

“I will explain to you a certain sod (mystery) which is completely sealed, and it concerns what is written, “Who is this who comes from Edom…’ . This is the [Righteous one], and he is [Messiah Son of Joseph].” Ramchal, Ma’amar HaGeulah, Secrets of the Redemption, Translated by R’ Mordecai Nissim, Feldheim Press, pg 118

Messiah Son of Joseph is what we call Jesus/ Yeshua because He was the suffering Messiah. Messiah Son of David is what we call Him when He returns because He will reign as king. And the Rabbi’s of old agree, in a way.  The Midrash Rabbah says,

“SANCTIFY UNTO ME ALL THE FIRSTBORN (XIII, 1). R. Nathan said: The Holy One, blessed be He, told Moses: ‘ Just as I have made Jacob a firstborn, for it says: Israel is My son, My firstborn (Ex. 4:22) so will I make the King Messiah a firstborn, as it says: I also will appoint him firstborn (Ps. 89:28).” Exodus Rabbah 14:7, Soncino Press Edition

This agrees completely with the New Testament writings. Exodus Rabbah continues,

“God is in a way called ‘first’, as it says: ‘I am the first, and I am the last (Isa. 44:6).’ Zion is called ‘first’, as it says: ‘You throne of glory, on high from the first, you place of our sanctuary (Jer. 17:12). Esau was called ‘first’, for it says: ‘And the first came forth ruddy (Gen. 25:25)’, and Messiah is called ‘first’, for it says: ‘The first unto Zion will I give: Behold, behold them (Isa. 41:27).’ God who is called ‘the first’ will come and build the Temple which is also called ‘first’, and will exact retribution from Esau, also called ‘first’. Then will Messiah who is called ‘first’ will come in the first month, as it is said: THIS MONTH SHALL BE UNTO YOU THE BEGINNING OF MONTHS.” Exodus Rabbah 15:1, Soncino Press Edition

INDEED, Passover being in the first Biblical month (Lv 23:5), Jesus/ Yeshua became our Passover Lamb on the 14th day of the first month (Nissan 14), just as the Bible says. And just like the comments of the Rabbi’s suggest.

We hope you have enjoyed this week’s Bible study! Check out also the more advanced study below.

sabbath

More New Testament Mentions of Israel

More New Testament Mentions of Jacob


Hidden Aleph-Tav’s

In the Hebrew Scriptures there are hidden aleph-tav’s [את] that aren’t usually translated into English. But they are very enlightening when we read them in the Hebrew, especially because Jesus/ Yeshua said He WAS the aleph-tav. The את identifies covenant peoples, persons, places, things and titles pertaining to the ownership of property by יהוה Father through את Yeshua our Messiah. As you move through the Laws of Liberty (Torah) notice where the את is placed and where it is not placed. Paul declares in Romans 7:12 the TORAH (nomos) is Holy and the Commandments are Holy (Set apart), Righteous (Just) and Good (of Benefit). Following are the aleph-tav’s [את] we find in this week’s study:

Concerning the life of Jacob and Esau, in Gen 25:28, both Jacob and Esau have את symbols in front of their names in the beginning of their life together but the LAST time we see the את symbol used in front of Esau’s name in the Torah is in Gen 27:1, on the day Isaac calls to Esau to ask him to hunt him some savory meat so that he (Isaac) may bless Esau as the first born.

Once Jacob deceives Isaac and receives the first born blessing in Esau’s place, we NEVER see the את symbol in front of Esau’s name again in the Torah, even though it is used another 78 times but continues to be only in front of Jacobs name thereafter. The reasoning why Esau has no את symbols after Gen 27:1 is explained by Moses in Gen 25:34 so despised Esau his את birthright! Consequently, not only is it important to notice where the את is placed but also where the את is NOT placed.


Bible Study for Kids

It’s sometimes hard to make the Old Testament fun for kids. Try these Children’s activities:

Days of creation coloring


For Deeper Language Learning

Hebrew “Word of the Week” by Hebrew4Christians.com

Greek “Greek of the Week

“To you men, I call! I send my voice to the sons of mankind.”
Proverbs 8:4

Abraham wanted to find a worthy bride for his son Isaac. Abraham looked for a woman of the same caliber as his righteous wife Sarah. He sought a woman who would bear children worthy of inheriting his legacy and the covenantal promises. The quest for Isaac’s bride tells an important chapter in the story of the Messiah in that Rebekah became one of the mothers of the Jewish people and an ancestor of the Messiah.

Some rabbis read the story of Isaac and Rebekah as an allegory about God and the His people. The prophets often describe the relationship between the LORD and His people as that of a husband to a wife. In view of this metaphor, the death of Sarah can be compared to the exile—her empty tent can be compared to Jerusalem. The mission to bring Rebekah out of Aram and into the promised land can be compared to the final redemption when the Messiah will gather the exiles of Israel and lead them to the land. “For as a young man marries a virgin … and as the bridegroom rejoices over the bride,” the LORD will rejoice over Zion in the final redemption (Isaiah 62:5):

The voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the voice of those who say, “Give thanks to the LORD of hosts, for the LORD is good, for His lovingkindness is everlasting.” (Jeremiah 33:11)

Moreover, as the bride of Isaac, Rebekah symbolizes Messiah’s bride. Isaac prefigures Messiah in several ways. He is the promised “seed of Abraham,” the only begotten son who was sacrificed. In a symbolic manner Isaac represents Messiah. If we carry that imagery forward into this study, we can look to the story about Rebekah for insight into the bride of Messiah and her relationship with Isaac.

Abraham commissioned his servant Eliezer and sent him on a mission to seek out a suitable bride. In Hebrew, a person sent on a mission is called a shaliach (שליח), which means “sent one.” The same word translates into Greek as apostolos (ἀπόστολος), which in turn enters English New Testament translations as “apostle.” In that sense, Abraham commissioned and sent Eliezer as his apostle.

Jesus/ Yeshua commissioned His apostles with a similar assignment. He sent them to make disciples for Himself. These disciples, in turn, constitute the Assembly of Messiah, which the New Testament metaphorically refers to as the “bride of Messiah.” When read in this light, Genesis 24 becomes a textbook for evangelism and transmitting the good news of the kingdom.

The Messiah Himself is the Shaliach of God, sent by the Father to proclaim the gospel of the kingdom. In the Gospel of John, Jesus/ Yeshua repeatedly reminds His disciples that He was sent from the Father. He refers to God as “The One who sent me,” “the Father who sent me,” “He who sent me,” and so forth. He used the term in various formulas at least forty times throughout the book. In that regard, He models the work of the shaliach for us.

In this week’s study (Genesis 25:19–28:9), we read of the starkly different lives of Jacob and Esav. Esav is a man of the field, a hunter like Nimrod. Jacob is a man dwelling in tents, like Shem the son of Noach. Even though they are twins, their external appearances are polar opposites,

“Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man.” Genesis 27:11

It says of Esav,

“The first came out red all over, like a hairy garment. They named him Esav.” Genesis 25:25

Esav was already “done” when he emerged from the womb, and he was red (admoni). The Targum even says that Esav was born with a beard!

“And the first came forth wholly red, as a garment of hair: and they called his name Esau, because he was born altogether complete, with the hair of the head, and the beard, and teeth, and grinders.” Targum Pseudo-Jonathan

This phrase is interesting as according to the Masoretic scribes, as it occurs twice in the Tanakh. The second reference is in 1 Samuel, speaking of David,

“He sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy (admoni), and with a beautiful face, and goodly to look on. YHVH said, ‘Arise, anoint him, for this is he.” 1 Samuel 16:12

The Baal HaTurim, R’ Yaakov ben Asher (1269CE – 1343 CE), notes,

“Red – The masoretic note ב means that this word appears twice in the Tanach (i) here, ויצא הראשון אדמוני The first one emerged red and (ii) והוא אדמוני עם יפה עינים And he was red, with fair eyes (1 Samuel 16:12), regarding David. When [the prophet] Samuel saw that David was red, he said, “Perhaps he is a shedder of blood, like Esau!” Therefore, that verse goes on to say, עם יפה עינים with fair eyes, i.e. whatever he does is with the agreement of the members of Sanhedrin (High Court) who are called “eyes”- as it is said, If from the eyes of the assembly (Numbers 15:24).” Baal HaTurim Chumash, Bereishis, Mesorah Publishing, Ltd., pg. 212

It is stunning that David the king is cloaked in the appearance of Esav! Why does the Torah mention this?! This teaches us a great secret about the Son of David and Esav, as the Song of Songs says,

“My beloved is white and ruddy.” Song of Solomon 5:10

The King Messiah is concealed in the garments of Esav, but his voice is the voice of Jacob.

EDOM = ADAM

Esav was called ‘Edom‘ אדום because of his sin in selling his birthright in order to eat,

“And Esav said to Yaakov: ‘Let me swallow, I pray you, some of this red, red pottage; for I am faint.’ Therefore was his name called Edom.” Genesis 25:30

The Shoresh (Root) of Edom is the same as Adam

This is the epitome of all sin, a momentary gratification that causes great damage to the sinner and those around him. Hebrews says,

“Follow after peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no man will see the Lord, looking carefully lest there be any man who falls short of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and many be defiled by it; lest there be any sexually immoral person, or profane person, like Esau, who sold his birthright for one meal. For you know that even when he afterward desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for a change of mind though he sought it diligently with tears.” Hebrews 12:14-17

Interestingly, Adam, whose name shares the shoresh (root) with Edom, also forfeited his inheritance through “eating” thus losing access to the Tree of Life,

“And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and she gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat.” enesis 3:6

Adam then heard the voice of YHVH walking in the Garden of Eden,

“And they heard the voice of YHVH Elohim walking in the garden toward the cool of the day; and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of YHVH Elohim among the trees of the garden. And YHVH Elohim called unto the man, and said unto him: ‘Where are you?’ Genesis 3:8-9

The Ramban, R’ Moshe ben Nachman, comments,

“The Rabbis have said in Bereshith Rabbah: Rabbi Chilfi said that from here we may learn that a voice ‘walks,’ for it is said, And they heard the voice of the Eternal G-d walking. And so did the Rabbi [Moshe ben Maimon] write in Moreh Nebuchim. And so is the opinion of Rabbi Abraham ibn Ezra that “walking” refers to the “voice”… In my opinion, the sense of walking in the garden of Eden is similar to that of the verses: And I will walk among you. . . The Divine Presence was revealed in the garden approaching them in the wind of the day because the breath of the Eternal blew upon it, that is the garden…” Ramban on Genesis 3:8, translated by Rabbi C. Chavel, Shilo Publishing House, pg. 81-82

Thus, Adam fell, causing cataclysmic spiritual and physical damage to the universe, shattering the mirror of his reflection of HaShem. This created a need for the cosmic mission of Messiah ben Yosef. R’ Daniel Krentzman remarks,

“The need for the mission of Mashiach ben Yosef came about as result of the sin of Adam. In theory, had Adam not sinned and brought about tremendous spiritual damage to himself and the world, there would not have been a need for the tikun olam efforts of Mashiach ben Yosef, in every subsequent generation. Mashiach ben Yosef thus comes to rectify that damage and return mankind to the state of Adam before the sin.” Yonah the Navi as Mashiach ben Yosef, Daniel Krentzman, pg 10

When YHVH created the universe, everything was perfect. This is evident within the Hebrew word ‘toldot’ which is the name of our study. It means genealogy, generation, history or story. Genesis says,

אֵלֶּה תֹולְדֹות הַשָּׁמַיִם וְהָאָרֶץ
“This is the history of the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the YHVH made the earth and the heavens.” Genesis 2:4

Notice how the word toldot is spelled, תולדות, with two vavs. Yet, when the genealogy of Adam is recorded, one vav is missing:

זֶה סֵפֶר תֹּולְדֹת אָדָם
“This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him…” Genesis 5:1

It is spelled with only one vav! The vav remains missing all the way down through the generations of Isaac,

וְאֵלֶּה תֹּולְדֹת יִצְחָק בֶּן־אַבְרָהָם
“And these are the generations of Isaac…” Genesis 25:19

In the genealogy of Yishmael, it becomes even more defective, missing TWO vavs,

וְאֵלֶּה תֹּלְדֹת יִשְׁמָעֵאל בֶּן־אַבְרָהָם
“And these are the generations of Ishmael…” Genesis 25:12

What does this ‘Hidden Vav’ represent? When will it be restored? Amazingly, the book of Ruth reveals the secret in the genealogy of the Messiah:

וְאֵלֶּה תֹּולְדֹות פָּרֶץ
“Here is the genealogy of Peretz…” Ruth 4:18

The Midrash comments,

“R. Berekiah said in the name of R. Samuel b. Nahman: Though these things were created in their fullness, yet when Adam sinned they were spoiled, and they will not again return to their perfection until the son of Perez [viz. Messiah] comes; [for in the verse] “These are the toledoth (generations) of Perez”, toledoth is spelled fully, with a vav. These are they: [1] his lustre, [2] his immortality, [3] his height, [4] the fruit of the earth and [5] the fruit of trees, and [6] the luminaries.” Genesis Rabbah 12:6, Soncino Press Edition

BODY AND SPIRIT

Throughout the Torah, we see a pattern of doublets, twins, one who represents the physical and the other spiritual:

Paul says,

“So also it is written, The first man, Adam, became a living soul. The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. However that which is spiritual isn’t first, but that which is natural, then that which is spiritual. The first man is of the earth, made of dust. The second man is the Lord from heaven. As is the one made of dust, such are those who are also made of dust; and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. As we have borne the image of those made of dust, lets also bear the image of the heavenly.” 1 Corinthians 15:45-49

Adam and Messiah are these “twins.” As Adam was created in the garden, so Messiah was resurrected in a garden. R’ Ginzburgh says,

“The two words which form the name Adam Kadmon allude to its paradoxical nature of being, on the one hand a created being–Adam–while on the other hand a manifestation of primordial Divinity–Kadmon. For this reason, Adam Kadmon is often seen to represent the archetypal soul of Mashiach, the general yechida of all the souls of Israel, the ultimate “crown” of all of God’s Creation, the Divine “intermediate” which reveals primordial Infinity to finite created reality.” R’ Yitzchak Ginsburgh, Adam Kadmon, Primordial Man, Inner.org

THE VOICE OF JACOB

Rebekah convinced Jacob to ‘cloak’ himself with the garments of Esav,

“She put the skins of the young goats on his hands, and on the smooth of his neck.” Genesis 27:16

וַיִּגַּשׁ יַעֲקֹב אֶל־יִצְחָק אָבִ֖יו וַיְמֻשֵּׁהוּ וַיֹּאמֶר הַקֹּל קֹול יַעֲקֹב וְהַיָּדַיִם יְדֵי עֵשָׂו
As Yaakov enters in to receive Yitzhak’s blessing, Yitzhak makes a cryptic statement,

“The voice is the voice of Jacob, but the hands are the hands of Esav…” Genesis 27:22

Within this small sentence are the greatest mysteries concealed. The Talmud says,

“The voice is the voice of Jacob” – no prayer is effective unless the seed of Jacob has a part in it. “The hands are the hands of Esau”- no war is successful unless the seed of Esau has a share in it.” The Talmud, cited in Chabad.org

R’ Ari Kahn comments,

“Let us examine these symbols more closely: Whereas the voice is an expression of something internal, hands are external. Hands are a symbol of force. The strength they represent is part of the commonalty that man shares with the animal kingdom, but the voice is ruach – air or spirit, emanating from within. Voice is what man has in common with God. It is the result of God’s breath within us, which animates, gives existence and human identity. That the realm of Yaakov is primarily one of “voice” should not surprise us. That the realm of Esav is primarily “hands” should also not surprise us.” R’ Ari Kahn, M’oray HaAish, The Voice (and Hands) of Yaakov, Aish.com 

Rebbe Nachman says,

“The voice is the voice of Jacob” – the one who is righteous, the one who prays, the one who always arouses compassion from God. “But the hands are the hands of Esau” – for he understood that Jacob appeared in Esau’s “clothing” in the position of demanding the blessings. . . in order for the righteous to exist, they must subdue “Esau” – the realm of the Other Side…and ultimately remove the blessings from the Other Side, returning them to their rightful place in the realm of holiness.” Rebbe Nachman’s Torah, Parashat Toldot, citing Likutey Halachot IV, p. 20a, Breslov Research Institute, pg. 207

He continues,

“The “voice of Jacob” corresponds to the voice of rebuke…” Rebbe Nachman’s Torah, Parashat Toldot, Breslov Research Institute, pg. 207

R’ Chaim Kramer summarizes Rebbe Nachman’s teaching in connection with Messiah/ Mashiach,

“…the Voice of Rebuke is rooted in Eden, which corresponds to Keter, the source of Mashiach’s vitality (see Tikkuney Zohar 55, pg 88a). At the level of Keter only kindness exists. Thus the rebuke given will reveal that kindess, causing people to draw near to Mashiach…Mashiach will possess this “Voice of Rebuke” because MaShIaCh is like MaSiach, “one who speaks.” Since Mashiach is bound together with all souls through his acute sense of smell (i.e. the “nose”(he will be able to rebuke everyone properly, to arose awe within them and draw them closer to God. His voice will be the flowing “River” from Eden…” Mashiach, Who What Why How Where When, R’ Chaim Kramer, Breslov Research Institute, pgs 66-67

Song of Songs says,

“The flowers appear on the earth. The time of the singing has come, and the voice of the turtledove is heard in our land.” Song of Solomon 2:12

EDOM = ROME = CHRISTIANITY

Edom links to Rome, based on a prophecy in Psalms that speaks of the children of Edom destroying the Temple as Rome did in 70 C.E.,

“Remember, YHVH, against the children of Edom, the day of Jerusalem; who said, ‘Raze it! Raze it even to its foundation!” Psalms 137:7

In Jewish thought, Rome is synonymous with Christianity, that is, a system that conceals the Jewishness of Yeshua. This is where Messiah’s Name is hidden and is a prisoner. The idea of the imprisoned Messiah may be alluded to in Ecclesiastes,

“Better is a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king who doesn’t know how to receive admonition any more. For out of prison he came forth to be king, yes, even in his kingdom he was born poor.” Ecclesiastes 4:13-14

Pirkei Avot de-Rabbi Nathan comments on this verse,

“When a man bestirs himself and goes off to some unchastity, all his limbs obey him, For the evil impulse is king over his two hundred and forty eight limbs. When he goes off to some good deed, all his limbs begin to drag. For the evil impulse within a man is monarch over his two hundred and forty eight limbs, while the good impulse is like a captive in prison, as it is said, For out of prison he came forth to be king (Eccl. 4:14), that is to say, the good impulse. . . And some say: The verse in Ecclesiastes refers to Joseph the righteous…” Pirkei Avot de Rabbi Natan, translated by Judah Goldin, Yale University Press,pg 85

Sefer Zerubbabel says Mashiach is imprisoned in Rome,

“He said to me, ‘Go to the “house of filth” near the market-district,’ and I went just as he had commanded me. He said to me, ‘Turn this way,’ and so I turned. He touched me, and then I saw a man (who was) despicable, broken down and in pain. That despicable man said to me: ‘Zerubbabel!? What business do you have here? Who has brought you here?’ I responded and said: ‘A wind from the Lord lifted me up and carried me to this place.’ He said to me: ‘Do not be afraid, for you have been brought here in order that He might show you (and then you in turn might inform the people of Israel about everything which you see).’ When I heard his words, I was consoled and regained my self-composure. I asked him, ‘Sir, what is the name of this place?’ He said to me, ‘This is mighty Rome, wherein I am imprisoned.’ I said to him, ‘Who then are you? What is your name? What do you seek here? What are you doing in this place?’ He said to me, ‘I am the Messiah of the L-rd, the son of Hezekiah confined in prison until the time of the End.’ Sefer Zerubbabel, translated by John C. Reeves

In some way, the Messiah ben Yosef (Jesus/ Yeshua) is imprisoned within us, chained by our own choice. When we overcome the temptation to sin, and defeat the yetzer hara, the evil inclination, he is “released from prison.” Personally, when we ‘release Messiah ben Yosef’ in our lives, he becomes manifest in the world, through us. Collectively, when Israel repents and recognizes the Messiah ben Yosef, the Redemption will begin. The concealment of the Messiah in Edom (Rome) is the secret of the verse,

“Jacob went near to Isaac his father. He felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob’s voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau.” Genesis 27:22

As Jacob was cloaked in Esav, Josef and even Moses were cloaked in Egypt. Messiah is hidden in the antithesis of Israel, but he is not part of the system. From a distance, he appears to be part of Rome, but he is actually on the outside of its gates, waiting for Israel to be ready. Isaiah speaks of this day,

“Who is this who comes from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this who is glorious in his clothing, marching in the greatness of his strength? It is I who speak in righteousness, mighty to save.” Isaiah 63:1

The Ramchal, R’ Moshe Chaim Luzzato, comments on this passage,

…ועתה הנני מפרש לך סוד אחד חתום מאד והוא מה שכתוב מי זה בא מאדום וגוי [ישעיה סג, א] וכל זה הוא הצדיק, והוא משיח בן יוסף
“I will explain to you a certain sod which is completely sealed, and it concerns what is written, “Who is this who comes from Edom…’ (Yeshayahu 63:1). This is the Tzadik, and he is Mashiach ben Yosef.” Ramchal, Ma’amar HaGeulah, Secrets of the Redemption, Translated by R’ Mordecai Nissim, Feldheim Press, pg 118

The Midrash Rabbah says,

“SANCTIFY UNTO ME ALL THE FIRSTBORN (XIII, 1). R. Nathan said: The Holy One, blessed be He, told Moses: ‘ Just as I have made Jacob a firstborn, for it says: Israel is My son, My firstborn (Ex. 4:22) so will I make the King Messiah a firstborn, as it says: I also will appoint him firstborn (Ps. 89:28).” Exodus Rabbah 14:7, Soncino Press Edition

Exodus Rabbah continues,

“God is in a way called ‘first’, as it says: ‘I am the first, and I am the last (Isa. 44:6).’ Zion is called ‘first’, as it says: ‘You throne of glory, on high from the first, you place of our sanctuary (Jer. 17:12). Esau was called ‘first’, for it says: ‘And the first came forth ruddy (Gen. 25:25)’, and Messiah is called ‘first’, for it says: ‘The first unto Zion will I give: Behold, behold them (Isa. 41:27).’ God who is called ‘the first’ will come and build the Temple which is also called ‘first’, and will exact retribution from Esau, also called ‘first’. Then will Messiah who is called ‘first’ will come in the first month, as it is said: THIS MONTH SHALL BE UNTO YOU THE BEGINNING OF MONTHS.” Exodus Rabbah 15:1, Soncino Press Edition

Rebbe Nachman says,

“Jacob will never let Esau be victorious and trap forever the souls waiting for rectification. He will grab hold of Esau and eventually remove those souls from his grip.” Rebbe Nachman’s Torah, Parashat Toldot, Breslov Research Institute, pg. 207

The Ramchal, R’ Moshe Hayyim Luzzato, writes,

“Messiah ben Joseph comes forth, his hand grasping Esau’s heel; the Sitra Ahra has a hold on the heels of holiness at the lower levels, and accordingly the Messiah ben Joseph must go into all parts of the husk, even the heels, to extract every good part of it, for which reason ‘his hand grasps the heel of Esau’, and that is the underlying meaning of the ‘on the heels of the Messiah’, that is necessary to subdue these heels.” R’ Moshe Hayyim Luzzato, Megilat Setarim 7, cited in Messianic Mysticism, Isaiah Tishby, Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, pg 243

THE MISSING AYIN

Yet, the Baal HaTurim notes an interesting gematria in the name of Esav,

“עשו – The gematria of this name (376) is equal to that of שלום peace. Were Esau’s name not identified with peace, he would have destroyed the world.” Baal HaTurim Chumash, Bereishis, Mesorah Publishing, Ltd., pg. 212

How can Esav’s name be associated with peace? He is a person of war. R’ Menachem Mendel of Kotzk says that the truth is not necessary as things appear, as YHVH told Shmuel the Prophet,

“YHVH sees not as man sees, for man looks on the outward appearance, but YHVH looks at the heart.” 1 Samuel 16:7

As we see in our study, the one who appears as Esav is actually Jacob. The Messiah is hidden and cloaked in Christianity (but is not actually Esav), and his name is peace as Isaiah says:

כִּי־יֶלֶד יֻלַּד־לָנוּ בֵּן נִתַּן־לָ֔נוּ וַתְּהִי הַמִּשְׂרָה עַל־שִׁכְמֹו וַיִּקְרָא שְׁמֹו פֶּלֶא יֹועֵץ אֵל גִּבֹּור אֲבִיעַד שַׂר־שָׁלֹום׃
“For to us a child is born. To us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” Isaiah 9:6

R’ Yose the Galilean comments,

רבי יוסי הגלילי אומר
אף שמו של משיח נקרא שלום
שנאמר אבי עד שר שלום
ישעיה ט
“Yose the Galilean said: “The name of the Messiah is Peace, for it is said, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace (Isa. 9:5) . . .” R. Yose the Galilean said: “Great is peace, for in that hour in which King Messiah is revealed to Israel, he begins with peace, for it is said, How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of the messenger of good tidings who announces peace (Isa. 52:7).” Perek Shalom, p. 101, cited in The Messiah Texts, by Raphael Patai, p. 21

The Baal HaTurim also notes that the ayin is equivalent to 70, linking to the 70 nations. Today, in Judaism, Yeshua is known as Yeshu, ישו. The ayin of his name is missing as the seventy nations, lead by Rome, have concealed the ayin of Yeshua’s name. This is evident in Genesis 25:26, the ayin is held by Esav (Christianity):

In Judaism, it is taught that YHYVH’s name is likewise broken, the Yud-Hey-Vav have been separated from the Final Hey, just like the Yud-Shin-Vav have been separated from the Final Ayin. The entire purpose of creation is to reunite YHVH’s Name. Ariel Cohen Alloro, a disciple of R’ Yitzhak Ginzburgh, links these two together,

י = י
ה = ש
ו = ו
ה = ע

According to Alloro’s incredible teachings, even the land of Israel, Judea, Samaria and Gaza, (in Hebrew: Yehuda, Shomron v’Aza) spells the name of Yeshua. Today, the one part of the land that remains the hands of the Gentiles is Aza, that is, the ayin! It is time for the 70 nations to return the ayin to Yeshua’s name. It is time for Israel to receive back that which belongs to her. When the ayin returns, the Last Hei (the Bride) will return to the Vav (The Groom). And all will be one. As Zechariah says,

והיה יי למלך על־כל־הארץ
ביום ההוא יהיה יי אחד ושׁמו אחד
“YHVH will be King over all the earth.
In that day YHVH will be one, and his name one.”
Zechariah 14:9



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