The second reading in the book of Genesis is named after Noah. In Hebrew, the name Noah is spelled Noach (נח). The word Noach is related to the Hebrew word for “rest.” Genesis 5:29 says that his parents named him Noah (Noach נח) because they hoped their son would give them rest (nacham, נחם) from their toil. The contents of section Noah tell the story of Noah’s flood, the tower of Babel and the beginning of the Abrahamic line.
Afraid of being “left behind” when the rapture comes? Study the story of Noah and find out why you might prefer to be left behind after all.
You will also find study guides by chapter and advanced study of the original languages following the Bible study outline. While it is our belief that many of the letters of the New Testament were originally written in Aramaic and/ or Hebrew, the Greek texts are used for study even when there are known Hebrew manuscripts (eg. Mathew and Hebrews).
Quick Bible Audio & Text:
Listen to all the Bible study below or click the link to read them at biblegateway.com in your favorite translation:
- Penteteuch: Genesis 6:9-11:32 (Interlinear)
- Prophets: Isaiah 54:1-55:5 (Interlinear)
- Gospels: Luke 17 (Interlinear)
- Letters: Collosians 2 (Interlinear)
- Revelation: Revelation 2 (Interlinear)
Bible Outlines & Chapter Study Guides
- Genesis 6:1 | The Wickedness of Humankind
- Genesis 6:9 | Noah Pleases God
- Genesis 7:1 | The Great Flood
- Genesis 8:1 | The Flood Subsides
- Genesis 8:20 | God’s Promise to Noah
- Genesis 9:1 | The Covenant with Noah
- Genesis 9:18 | Noah and His Sons
- Genesis 10:1 | Nations Descended from Noah
- Genesis 11:1 | The Tower of Babel
- Genesis 11:10 | Descendants of Shem
- Genesis 11:27 | Descendants of Terah
- Isaiah 54:1 | The Eternal Covenant of Peace
- Isaiah 55:1 | An Invitation to Abundant Life
- Luke 17 | One will be taken and the other left
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
- Revelation 2 | Ephesus: Return to Your First Love
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
Bible Study Commentary
Human evil grieves God’s heart. God is not peering down on the planet making observations like a dispassionate astronaut. Neither is He watching us like a man sitting on a sofa watching a football game. Rather, He is like a Father who observes the behavior of His children. He is like a king taking note of how events unfold in his kingdom. When a father sees his children involved in self-destructive behaviors, it grieves him. When a king sees his subjects living in open rebellion against him, it angers him. As God observed humanity in the days of Noah, He was saddened to see the rampant wickedness of His creations. He saw that every human heart harbored evil. “The LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart” (Genesis 6:6).
Our Master Jesus/ Yeshua compared the generation of Noah to the generation that will witness the day of the LORD and the coming of the Son of Man. When the Messiah returns, He will usher in a day of judgment. In that day, some will be taken away in judgment and others will be left behind:
Then there will be two men in the field; one will be taken and one will be left. Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken and one will be left. (Matthew 24:40-41)
I tell you, on that night there will be two in one bed; one will be taken and the other will be left. There will be two women grinding at the same place; one will be taken and the other will be left. (Luke 17:34-35)
A husband and wife will be in the same bed. One will be taken, the other left behind. Two men will be at work together in the same field. One will be taken the other left behind. Two women will be turning the stone mill to grind flour. One will be taken the other left behind. Surprisingly, Christians today often interpret these words to mean that when Jesus comes, the one taken will be whisked away to meet Him in the sky. Since the spouse left lying in bed is not a believer, he (or she) will be left behind. Likewise, the one left working in the field is not a Christian, so he is left behind. The one left grinding at the mill, also not a believer, is left behind.
Contrary to the popular teaching, however, the one “taken” in the Matthew 24 and Luke 17 is not raptured to join Jesus/ Yeshua in the air. Just as the flood came and took people away in the days of Noah (and just as fire and brimstone fell upon the people of Sodom in the days of Lot), being “taken away” in Matthew 24:40-41 refers to people taken in judgment.
The disciples asked Him, “Where [will they be taken], Master?” He answered, “Where the body is, there also the vultures will be gathered” (Luke 17:37). In other words, the corpses of those taken away will be food for the birds. With these words, our Master invoked the dire apocalyptic predictions of the prophets Ezekiel and Jeremiah.
The horrific massacres of the war with Rome that engulfed the Jewish people of Yeshua’s generation fulfilled His prophecies: “They left the dead bodies to rot under the sun, and they bestowed the same punishment to anyone who buried a body … anyone that granted the mercy of a grave to another quickly needed a grave himself.” The people of the generation became food for the vultures. Our holy Master Jesus/ Yeshua foresaw it all.
The Hebrew word nesher (נשר) can mean a “vulture” or an “eagle.” The Romans used the eagle as the symbol of their empire. In that sense, Jesus/ Yeshua might have used the word “eagles” as a cryptic reference to Roman legions:
The LORD will bring a nation against you from afar, from the end of the earth, as the eagle swoops down. (Deuteronomy 28:49)
Those “left behind” in Matthew 24 and Luke 17 are the righteous, not the wicked. Those “left behind” can be compared to Noah and his seven family members who survived the flood, as Peter says, “The Lord knows how to rescue the godly” (2 Peter 2:9).
The thrust of the passage calls upon disciples to remain vigilant as they await the coming of the days of the Son of Man. Jesus’/ Yeshua’s disciples must not be like the complacent generations of Noah and Lot that were caught unawares, for the Messiah will come suddenly, like a flash of lightning, like a thief in the night. “Therefore be on the alert, for you do not know which day your Lord is coming” (Matthew 24:42). We know it will be on a “feast day”, but we can only speculate on which one.
In the Hebrew Scriptures there are ‘hidden’ aleph-tav’s [את] that aren’t usually translated into English. But they are very enlightening when we read them in the Hebrew. These are the ones we find in this week’s study:
In Genesis 11:26 and 27 when Abram’s birth is announced and on the day of his birth there is an את in front of his name. I
n Gen 15:18 on the day יהוה makes a covenant with Abram there is an את in front of Abram’s name. The very first time the words “My Covenant” is used in Gen 6:18 which describes the promise of יהוה covenant with Noah, there appears an את in front of the word “My”,symbolizing the covenant Noah made was actually with יהוה Father through את Yeshua. As you will notice, it is THROUGH את Yeshua throughout the Tanakh that all the everlasting covenants are made with יהוה Father starting in Gen 9:9-11 is the covenant both with יהוה through את Yeshua made with Noah;
Gen 9:13 the covenant through Yeshua with all creation with the sign as the את My rainbow; Gen
17:7 is the covenant through את Yeshua with Abram after his name is changed to Abraham; Gen 17:19 is the covenant through את Yeshua with Isaac;
Ex 6:4-5 mentions the covenant through את Yeshua makes with Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and all their descendants, the Children of Israel;
Ex 19:5 is the covenant through את Yeshua with Moses; Num 25:12 is the Covenant of Peace through את Yeshua with Phinehas;
Jeremiah 33:15-22 mentions the covenant through את Yeshua has with David and his throne; and a prophecy in Ezekiel 16:60-62 is the prophecy of the everlasting covenant יהוה Father will establish through את Yeshua the Messiah on Calvary. These are just a few examples which show how our heavenly Father worked with and through His son, Y’shua our Messiah, to establish everlasting covenants with Abraham and His seed (descendants) from the beginning. Once we come into covenant with יהוה Father through את Yeshua our Messiah, who is the door (John 10:7-9), when people bless us, they are blessing את יהוה (Yah-head) and when people curse or harm us, they are harming את יהוה for Yeshua said in Matt 25:40 the King will say to them, ‘Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brethren, you did it to Me.’ 45 Then He will say, ‘Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.’
Bible Study for Kids
It’s sometimes hard to make the Old Testament fun for kids. Try these Children’s activities:
For Deeper Language Learning
Hebrew “Word of the Week” by Hebrew4Christians.com
Greek “Greek of the Week”