Listen to and read this week’s Bible study below:
Listen/ Read- Pentateuch: Exodus 18:1-20:23
Listen/ Read- Prophets: Isaiah 6:1-7:6, 9:5-6
Listen/ Read- Gospels: Mathew 6
Listen/ Read- Letters: Acts 16
Listen/ Read- Revelation: Revelation 16
Bible Study Outline:
- TORAH/ PENTATEUCH
- Exodus 18:1 | Jethro’s Advice
- Exodus 19:1 | The Israelites Reach Mount Sinai
- Exodus 19:9 | The People Consecrated
- Exodus 20:1 | The Ten Commandments
- Exodus 20:22 | The Law concerning the Altar
- PROPHETS/ WRITINGS
- Isaiah 6:1 | A Vision of God in the Temple
- Isaiah 9:1 | The Righteous Reign of the Coming King
- Mathew 6 | Righteous Living
- Acts 16 | Paul Imprisoned on the Sabbath
- Revelation 16 | Behold, I come as a thief
The seventeenth reading from the Bible study in a year is named Jethro or Yitro (יתרו), which is the literal Hebrew behind the name Jethro. The title comes from the first words of the first verse of the study, which says, “Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people” (Exodus 18:1). The study tells the story of Jethro’s visit to the camp of Israel, then relates the great theophany at Mount Sinai, where God gives Israel the Ten Commandments and invites the people to enter a special covenant relationship with Him. This was exactly 2000 years to-the-day before the Spirit was given to the apostles on Shavuot/ Pentecost.
The LORD (YHVH, יהוה ) commands Israel to remember the Sabbath. What does it mean to “remember” the Sabbath? Was there ever a danger of forgetting to keep the Sabbath? In Semitic culture, the word “remember” has clear covenant connotations. To remember means to act in faithfulness to the covenant. Similarly, God remembered Noah in the Ark, and He remembered Sarah when He was ready to open her womb. Therefore, God is telling Israel to show faithfulness to His covenant by keeping the Sabbath.
If you find that you are unable to observe the Sabbath, you can at least remember it. At a minimum, this requires being conscious of the Sabbath’s presence. Remember it on Friday night when the sun goes down and the Sabbath begins. Remember it on Saturday morning when the sun rises on the day of rest. Remember it on Saturday night as the holy day comes to an end. By doing at least that much, a person can take at least a small share in the Sabbath. The path of righteous living is never all or nothing, and something is always better than nothing.
Old Testament Activities for Kids
It’s sometimes hard to make the Old Testament fun for kids. Try these Children’s activities:
For Deeper Learning
Hebrew “Word of the Week” by Hebrew4Christians.com
Greek “Word of the Week”
Ex 18:16-20 makes it clear that the statutes, ordinances and commandments of Torah came from יהוה Father through את Y’shua and they are given to show the את way and the את work that they/we should walk in to obtain the promised blessings and avoid the curses. Y’shua confirms this protocol before His death and resurrection in John 14:6 I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me. Ex 19:5 states, Now therefore if you will obey My voice and keep את My covenant, then you will be a peculiar treasure to Me above all people. In Ex 20:1-2 it is Elohim את יהוה together that speak from את Mount Sinai and proclaims the 10 Commandments to the Israelites for both the FIRE and the CLOUD were present on top of Sinai. It is important to notice that the את is used in 3 of the 10 commandments; they are: 1). The 3rd Commandment: Ex 20:7 not to take את name of יהוה your Elohim in vain; because יהוה את will not hold him guiltless, who takes את His name in vain; and 2). The 4th Commandment: Ex 20:8-11 to remember את day, the Sabbath and keep it consecrated (set apart); and 3). The 5th Commandment: Ex 20:12 to honor את your father ואת and your mother. The Ten Commandments are repeated in Deut chapter 5:6-21 with the same Aleph/Tav את Symbols.
Note: The reason the את is placed in these 3 commandments is because they are monumental in the life of every covenant believer as to how we establish a firm foundation to build our lives from and if these 3 are not obeyed it will be impossible to prosper in יהוה את Kingdom. These 3 are the key to maintaining an intimate relationship with the Yah-head. The commandment to honor His Name is actually a catch-all to keeping ALL His commandments by striving to walk blamelessly before Him. Consequently, when we break His commandments we are not honoring His Name which has been placed on us through covenant. The keeping of the Covenant of Sabbath (Ex 31:16) opens a doorway to the Father whereby we can be intimately refreshed and know יהוה Father, or better yet, be known by יהוה Father by name and be numbered with the righteous. If you cannot honor your parents, who are in a divine position of physical authority over you, then you will not honor the Authority whom you cannot see. All three of these were a capital offense, punishable by death, if they were broken in the covenant land.