The fourth “Bible-in-a-year” study is named Vayera (וירא). It means “And he appeared”. That name is chosen because the first story in the study describes how the LORD (YHVH | יְהֹוָה Yᵉhôvâh) appeared to Abraham one day as he sat outside his tent. Vayera continues with the series of tests of faith for Abraham, concluding in one great and final trial, just as we will see a final trial after continuous testing and failing. That is the sad truth of our history, and why we must all repent (Hebrew תשובה, Greek μετάνοια).
You will also find study guides by chapter and advanced study of the original languages following the Bible study outline. While it is our belief that many of the letters of the New Testament were originally written in Aramaic and/ or Hebrew, the Greek texts are used for study even when there are known Hebrew manuscripts (eg. Mathew and Hebrews).
Bible Audio & Text:
Listen to all the Bible study below or click the link to read them at biblegateway.com in your favorite translation:
- Penteteuch: Genesis 18:1-22:20
- Writings: II Kings 4
- Prophets: Jeremiah 23
- Gospels: Mathew 1
- Letters: Ephesians 2
- Letters: 1 Peter 4
- Revelation: Revelation 2-3
Bible Outlines & Chapter Study Guides
- Genesis 18:1| A Son Promised to Abraham and Sarah
- Genesis 18:16| Judgment Pronounced on Sodom
- Genesis 19:1| The Depravity of Sodom
- Genesis 19:12| Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed
- Genesis 19:30| The Shameful Origin of Moab and Ammon
- Genesis 20:1| Abraham and Sarah at Gerar
- Genesis 21:1| The Birth of Isaac
- Genesis 21:8| Hagar and Ishmael Sent Away
- Genesis 21:22| Abraham and Abimelech Make a Covenant
- Genesis 22:1| The Command to Sacrifice Isaac
- Genesis 22:20| The Children of Nahor
- 2Ki 4:1 | Elisha and the Widow’s Oil
- 2Ki 4:8 | Elisha Raises the Shunammite’s Son
- Jeremiah 23 | THE BRANCH of David Regathers the House of Israel
- Jeremiah 23:1 | He prophesies a restoration of the scattered flock.
- Jeremiah 23:5 | Christ shall rule and save them.
- Jeremiah 23:9 | Against false prophets;
- Jeremiah 23:33 | and mockers of the true prophets.
- Mathew 1:1 | THE BRANCH of David arrives and is named “Salvation”
- Mathew 1:1|The genealogy of Jesus/ Y’shua from Abraham to Joseph.
- Mathew 1:18|He is miraculously conceived of the Holy Spirit by the Virgin Mary.
- Mathew 1:19|The angel satisfies the doubts of Joseph,
- Mathew 1:21|and declares the names and office of Jesus/ Y’shua;
- Mathew 1:25|Jesus/ Y’shua is born
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
- 1 Peter 4 | Suffering of THE BRANCH of David (and Ours)
- 1 Peter 4:1|He exhorts them to cease from sin and live fore God,
- 1 Peter 4:12|and comforts them against persecution.
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
- Ephesians 2 | No Longer Gentiles Destined for Wrath, Now Israel
- Ephesians 2:1|By comparing what we were by nature, with what we are by grace,
- Ephesians 2:10|he declares that we are made for good works: and being brought near by Messiah
- Ephesians 2:19|should not live as Gentiles and foreigners, but as citizens with the saints, and the family of God.
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
Bible Study Commentary
Just as Abraham’s wife, Sarah, was barren, Isaac’s wife, Rebekah, was also unable to bear children. For twenty years she and Isaac tried to have a child. It is normal for a couple to desire children, but for Isaac it was critical. He was the inheritor of the great promises given to his father Abraham. If he did not have children, those promises could not be passed on to the next generation. Isaac turned to the LORD and entreated Him on behalf of Rebekah.
Jesus/ Yeshua teaches us to pray persistently. He said persistent prayer can be compared to a widow who continually entreated the local judge to hear her case (Luke 18:1-8). Though the judge neither feared God nor respected men, he decided to hear her case lest she wear him out with her nagging. If persistent entreaty works on an unjust judge who neither fears God nor men, how much more so will the just Judge of the universe be moved to answer our entreaties?
Scholars have always debated who the 3 men were speaking to Abram and who of the two went to Sodom and Gomorrah but both Abram and Lot bowed down and worshiped upon seeing these so-called Angels or men. An angel will never receive worship (Rev 19:10) and the Hebrew word used for their Worship is Strong’s #7812 shachah which is the strongest Hebrew word for worship there is, used a total of 172 times in the Old Testament.
As this story unfolds it becomes very clear Abraham and Lot are speaking with את Y’shua as we see in the hidden Aleph-Tav’s below. For no angel would receive worship and carry on a conversation with Abraham on whether or not He should destroy Sodom and Gomorrah without it being את Elohim.
The binding of Abraham’s son is an amazing foreshadow of the binding and once-for-all Passover sacrifice of God’s son, and we even see that in the Jewish writings:
The Midrash Rabbah makes some stunning comment on this passage,
“And Abraham placed the wood of the burnt-offering on Isaac his son” (Gen 22:5). Like a man who carries his cross (tzaluv) on his shoulder.”
Genesis Rabbah 56:3, Soncino Press Edition
“Abraham begot Isaac (25:19), to teach you that he was like his father in all things: in beauty, wisdom, riches, and good deeds. You must know that Isaac was thirty-seven years old when his father was about to sacrifice him, yet though it says: And Abraham was old and advanced in years, he bound him like a lamb and he did not restrain him”
Exodus Rabbah 1:1, Soncino Press Edition
Can there be any doubt that Jesus/ Y’shua is the Jewish Messiah: the Son of Abraham, Son of David?
In the Hebrew Scriptures there are hidden aleph-tav’s [את] that aren’t usually translated into English. But they are very enlightening when we read them in the Hebrew. These are the ones we find in this week’s study:
As this story unfolds it becomes very clear Abraham and Lot are speaking with את Y’shua. For no angel would receive worship and carry on a conversation with Abraham on whether or not He should destroy Sodom and Gomorrah without it being את Elohim.
This same Hebrew word Angel that is used to describe the two men who went to Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen 19:1) is also used to describe the Angel who spoke to Moses from the burning bush who also received worship (Gen 3:2).
In Gen 18:19 we see יהוה Father makes the comment that Abraham will command את his children and that יהוה may bring upon Abraham everything את that which He has spoken about him…speaking about His promises. The placement of the את gives us insight.
In Gen 18:28 will you destroy for lack of five את all the cities?…implying that it is יהוה Father through את that will be deciding whether or not to destroy Sodom and Gomorrah.
Gen 19:10 But reached out the men את their hands and pulled את Lot into the house and shut the door…implying it is את that pulls Lot into the house and shuts the door. The fact, that Lot has an את in front of his name indicates he is a covenant child of את יהוה.
In Gen 19:13-14 For will destroy We את this place, because is waxed (known) greatly the outcry against them before את the face of יהוה; and יהוה has sent us to destroy it. 14 And Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who married his daughters and said, get up, get out of this place; for will destroy יהוה את this city…implying that both יהוה and את are in agreement and will together destroy Sodom and Gomorrah because the cities sin has come up before את the face of יהוה but Gen 19:25 and 19:29 makes it clear that it is both יהוהthrough את that actually destroys the cities stating that 25 And He overthrew את cities and all the plain and all the inhabitants of the cities and that which grew on the ground…29 And it came to pass, when destroyed Elohim את the cities of the plain, remembered Elohim את Abraham and sent את Lot out of the midst of the destruction, when He overthrew את the cities in which Lot lived.
Also in Gen 19:15 then the angels hurried Lot saying, get up, take את your wife…implying that Lots wife is a covenant child of את and she is an example how covenant children can forfeit their lives if they disobey Elohim. All through the Tanakh the placement of the את (mark) of Y’shua in front of people’s names makes it clear who they belong to by covenant and make no mistake את children are representatives of את יהוה on earth. To harm them is to harm את יהוה and to bless them is to bless את יהוה Elohim (plural). A perfect case in point is Genesis 20:2 when Abimelech takes את Sarah into his house and in Gen 20:3, that night Elohim comes to Abimelech in a dream and says to him, “you are about to die”, because the woman who you have taken is another man’s wife. יהוה Father working His will, through את Y’shua both Elohim working together as ONE, this is the characteristics of the divine Yah-head unfolding.
Bible Study for Kids
It’s sometimes hard to make the Old Testament fun for kids. Try these Children’s activities:
For Deeper Language Learning
Hebrew “Word of the Week” by Hebrew4Christians.com
Greek “Greek of the Week”