The fifth week of reading the “Bible-in-a-year” from the book of Genesis to Revelation is ready, and because the narrative begins with the words “Now Sarah lived one hundred and twenty-seven years” (Genesis 23:1) Chayei Sarah (חיי שרה) it is named “Sarah lived,” . This portion of the Bible-study-in-a-year is filled with romance and sorrow. It tells the story of how Abraham mourned his wife after her passing, and how he procured a wife for his son Isaac. At the end of the first portion, Abraham is laid to rest beside his beloved wife…
You will also find study guides by chapter and advanced study of the original languages following the Bible study outline. While it is our belief that many of the letters of the New Testament were originally written in Aramaic and/ or Hebrew, the Greek texts are used for study even when there are known Hebrew manuscripts (eg. Mathew and Hebrews).
Bible Audio & Text:
Listen to all the Bible study below or click the link to read them at biblegateway.com in your favorite translation:
- Penteteuch: Genesis 23:1-25:18
- Writings: 1 Kings 1
- Prophets: Jeremiah 31
- Gospels: Mark 2
- Letters: 1 Peter 3
- Letters: Romans 9
- Revelation: Revelation 7,14
Bible Outlines & Chapter Study Guides
- Genesis 23:1 | Sarah’s Death and Burial
- Genesis 24:1 | The Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah
- Genesis 25:1 | Abraham Marries Keturah
- Genesis 25:7 | The Death of Abraham
- Genesis 25:12 | Ishmael’s Descendants
- 1Ki 1:1 | The Struggle for the Succession
- 1Ki 1:28 | The Accession of Solomon
- 1Ki 1:35 | Solomon appointed to be ruler over Israel and over Judah.
- Jeremiah 31:1 | The restoration of both houses of Israel.
- Jeremiah 31:10 | The publication thereof.
- Jeremiah 31:18 | Ephraim repenting is brought home again (prodigal story).
- Jeremiah 31:22 | Messiah is promised.
- Jeremiah 31:31 | His new covenant with the houses of Israel & Judah(Heb 8).
- Mark 2:1 | Jesus followed by multitudes.
- Mark 2:3 | heals a paralytic.
- Mark 2:13 | calls Matthew;
- Mark 2:15 | eats with tax collectors and sinners;
- Mark 2:23 | Picking the heads of grain on the Sabbath day.
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
- 1 Peter 3 | Suffering for Doing Good
- 1 Peter 3:1 | He teaches the roles of wives and husbands to each other;
- 1 Peter 3:8 | exhorting all men to unity and love;
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
- Romans 9 | The Role of Israel, Judah and “gentiles”
- Romans 9:1 | Paul is sorrowful for the house of Israel’s condition.
- Romans 9:7 | All of Abraham not necessarily of the promise.
- Romans 9:32 | The cause of their stumbling.
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
- Revelation 7:1 | An angel seals the servants of God in their foreheads.
- Revelation 7:4 | The number of those who were sealed of the tribes of Israel: 144,000.
- Revelation 7:9 | Of all the other nations an innumerable multitude, which stand before the throne.
- Revelation 14:1 | The Lamb standing on Mount Zion with his company of 144,000 sealed.
- Revelation 14:8 | The fall of Babylon.
- Revelation 14:15 | The harvest of the world.
Bible Study Commentary
May she be the one whom You have appointed for Your servant Isaac. (Genesis 24:14)
Abraham’s servant Eliezer was sent to find a wife for Isaac (with 10 camels). He prayed that God would indicate which woman He had appointed for Isaac to marry. God miraculously singled out Rebekah. Later, when recounting the story of his encounter with Rebekah to her family, they had to admit, “The matter comes from the LORD [YHVH | יְהֹוָה Yᵉhôvâh]” (Genesis 24:50). By all appearances, God had appointed Rebekah to be the wife of Isaac.
This hints that God appoints each person’s spouse. Some people call this appointed person a soul mate.
We are Jesus/ Yeshua’s “soulmate”; His Bride, His wise virgins, who do what pleases Him (keeping His commandments) because we have been grafted in to the house/ commonwealth of Israel and invited to His wedding chamber.
We read in 1 Kings about Solomon. His words in Song of Songs are beautiful pictures of what we can expect this is supposed to makes us do and say for our Messiah. And to him it was granted to build a temple while he ruled over Israel (Ephraim) and Judah. But just as it was prophesied by Jeremiah that they would be scattered, he also prophesied that in the last days they would be regathered/ restored.
In Mark 2, we see Jesus/ Yeshua restoring the Sabbath from burdensome pharisaic traditions of men gathering with His disciples just the same as with breakers of the law (sinners).
Peter reminds of roles of earthly “soulmates”, while Paul discusses the role of Messiah’s soulmates- Israel & Judah back together again as the “one new man”.
We end off with the Bride/ Remnant of the last days, the 144 thousand of 12 tribes sealed by an angel.
Eliezer is a type/ picture of the Spirit of God in this portion. He is a picture of the Spirit of Messiah going out at the behest of the father for a bride for the Messiah.
Genesis 24:67 says that Isaac took Rebekah, she became his wife and he loved her: “Then Isaac brought her into his mother Sarah’s tent, and he took Rebekah, and she became his wife, and he loved her; thus Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death” (Genesis 24:67). Notice the order. This seems backward to us. We would expect the opposite. In our culture, we believe that a person should marry whoever he or she falls in love with. Isaac married his wife, and then he fell in love with her.
Isaac took his bride into his mother’s tent. All this time Sarah’s tent had been empty and forlorn, symbolizing the absence of the eishet chayil (virtuous wife). The Torah portion began the story of Rebekah by telling us of the death of Sarah. Since his mother’s death, Isaac had been in mourning. He keenly felt her absence. Isaac taking his bride into Sarah’s tent symbolizes Rebekah stepping into Sarah’s role as matriarch over the house of Abraham. In the language of the rabbis, Rebekah became the house of Isaac.
Abraham loved Sarah, and Isaac loved Rebekah. Genesis 24:67 says that Isaac took Rebekah, she became his wife and he loved her. Notice the order. This seems backward to us. We would expect the opposite. He should have fallen in love with her, married her and then taken her into the tent. The Bible has a more sober (but no less romantic) view of marriage. Isaac did not marry Rebekah because he loved her; he loved Rebekah because he married her. Considering the folly of the human heart and the fickle ups and downs of emotions, this is the proper order of things. We should love our spouses because they are our spouses.
Love followed be marriage seems like the natural order, but it’s a bad plan. It is possible to fall in love with the wrong person. It is possible to fall in love with many wrong persons. Falling in love is a terrible criteria upon which to base a marriage. It would have been easy for Isaac to fall in love with any number of Canaanite girls.
As children of Abraham and followers of Messiah, we are to love our spouses. Paul tells men to love their wives as themselves—and more than that, to love them as Messiah loved the assembly. He warns husbands not to become embittered against their wives. It’s not a matter of the whims and inclinations of the heart; it is a duty of every husband to love his wife.
If a man or woman bases his or her marriage merely on love, it is doomed from the start. Feelings are unpredictable. They rise and fall. They come and go. Marriage must not be based upon love. Love must be based upon marriage.
In the Hebrew Scriptures there are hidden aleph-tav’s [את] that aren’t usually translated into English. But they are very enlightening when we read them in the Hebrew. These are the ones we find in this week’s study:
The very first time Rebekah’s name is mentioned in the Torah in Gen 22:23 there is an את in front of her name.
In Gen 24:23 by virtue of where the את is placed in this scripture it would appear that when Abraham’s servant, Eliezer sees Rebekah for the first time he asks her, from whom she has descended from to make sure she is not a Canaanite, so that he will fulfill his master’s wish to see promptly if she is a worthy candidate for Isaac. This verse is repeated in Gen 24:47 as Eliezer recounts to Laban his meeting with Rebekah for the first time that day and Eliezer knows immediately she is the one for Isaac and gives thanks to את יהוה the Elohim who has led Eliezer in the right way to bring an את daughter of my master’s brother to his son.
In Gen 24:35 Eliezer tells Rebekah’s brother, Laban that יהוה has blessed את his master greatly. Eliezer also shares with Laban in Gen 24:36 that his master (Abraham) has given to Isaac everything את has given to his master…implying that everything that comes from יהוה Father is through את Jesus/ Yeshua the Messiah.
Bible Study for Kids
It’s sometimes hard to make the Old Testament fun for kids. Try these Children’s activities:
For Deeper Learning
Hebrew “Word of the Week” by Hebrew4Christians.com
Greek “Greek of the Week”
YESHUA BEN DAVID (Jesus, Son of David)
“All the multitudes were amazed, and said, “Can this be the son of David?”
The people of Israel asked this question about Yeshua of Nazareth. Yeshua is referred to as the “son of David” in the New Testament as follows,
Matthew 1:1, 9:27, 15:22, 20:30-31, 21:9, 15; Mark 10:47-48, 11:10 ; Luke 1:32, 18:38-39 ; Romans 1:3; 2 Timothy 2:8, Revelation 22:16
There is no doubt that the early believers saw Jesus/ Yeshua as not only descended from David, but also the fulfillment of the expectations of Mashiach ben Yosef, and Mashiach ben David to come. The very first line of the New Testament states,
“A record of the genealogy of Jesus/ Yeshua the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham.”
Using roshei teivot (heads of letters) in reverse, in the words Abraham, David and Messiah, we have an acrostic for ADaM. While the Gospels portray Jesus/ Yeshua in terms of mission of Mashiach ben Yosef, it explains specifically that he will return as Mashiach ben David. This concept of the unification of the missions of the Meshichim exists in Judaism. The Alter Rebbe stated,
“Following the birth of Moshiach ben David [by receiving the soul of Moshiach], he will still contain within himself the soul of Moshiach ben Yosef.”
Maamarim of the Alter Rebbe, 5568, pg. 283, cited in And He Will Redeem Us, Mendelsohn Press, pg. 135
This concept is echoed by Rebbe Nachman, who said “there is one zaddiq in whom these two messiahs are combined,”
“He presented that teaching at the morning meal. His eyes had the appearance of two moons as he said that there are seventy nations, divided between the domains of Esau and Ishmael [traditional designations for Christendom and Islam]. Each of these domains is composed of thirty-five kingdoms, and they will be conquered in the future by the two messiahs, Messiah ben Joseph and Messiah ben David. And there is one zaddiq (righteous one) in whom these two messiahs are combined.” He said several other things here, more than have been printed. At that point, the table broke, because so many people were pressing around him. He became harsh and said, ‘Are there gentiles sitting around my table? Are these then the messianic times, that gentiles should approach the zaddiqim as in “all the nations shall flow unto him” (Isaiah 2:2).”
Hayyey Moharan 1:6, cited in Tormented Master, The Life and Spiritual Quest of Rabbi Nahman of Bratslav, Arthur Green, Jewish Lights Publishing, pg.190, cf. Parparot l’Chokmah 15a
The Ben Ish Chai, R’ Yosef Hayyim of Bagdad (1835 – 1909) writes of the connection between the two Meshichim,
“The Josephian Messiah suffers illnesses and afflictions to atone for the people of Israel and for the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple. He is called “the leper of the house of Rabbi,” meaning the one who suffers for Israel and Jerusalem. The Josephian Messiah sits near the Garden of Eden, suffering for the people of Israel. . . . the righteous person whom the spark of the Josephian Messiah would enter is from the seed of David. . . If we find a tzaddik from the seed of David suffering affliction, he probably contains a spark of the Josephian Messiah.”
Ben Ish Chai, Ben Yehoyada, cited in Days of Peace, Yeshivat Ahavat Shalom, pg. 130-131
The text Kol HaTor, the Voice of the Turtledove, written by R’ Hillel Shklover, a disciple of the Vilna Gaon, speaks of the unification of the two Meshichim,
…at the beginning of the Redemption, when the wood of Yosef and the wood of Judah are “pieces of wood in your hand, ” when they are still divided into two, on the level of the awakening from below. At the time of the complete redemption, however, when the two pieces of wood have become “one in My hand” (the hand of God), then the meshichim will be like two inseparable friends; they will have become one, they will have become the King Mashiach who is on the level of the trustworthy friend of the final redeemer, Moshe Rabbeinu (Moses), may he rest in peace.”
Kol HaTor, Chapter 2, Section 2, 1, translated by R’ Yechiel bar Lev and K. Skaist, pg. 70
According to the Rambam, R’ Moshe ben Maimon, in his monumental Mishneh Torah, the mission of Mashiach ben David is as follows:
- Build the Temple
- Gather the exiles of Israel
- There will be world peace
- Israel’s enemies will be subdued
Critics of Jesus/ Yeshua’s Messiahship point out that none of the above has been accomplished, arguing that he is not the Messiah. Perhaps more specifically, Mashiach ben David. Some leave open the possibility saying, “When the Messiah comes, we’ll ask him if he has been here before.” The issue is much more complex than that. The Rambam does caution,
“All these and similar matters cannot be definitely known by man until they occur for these matters are undefined in the prophets’ words and even the wise men have no established tradition regarding these matters except their own interpretation of the verses. Therefore, there is a controversy among them regarding these matters.”
Mishneh Torah, Hilchot Melachim, Chapter 12, Chabad.org 
R’ Chaim Vital, the disciple of R’ Yitzhak Luria, comments,
“Just as we find that Moshe Rabbeinu (Moses) ascended to heaven, body and soul, and remained there for forty days…similarly, Moshiach will, through the help of the Almighty, merit to attain that lofty soul. He will then realize that he is in fact Moshiach, although no one else will be aware of this. This is the secret to which the Zohar alludes, ‘Moshiach will be revealed, yet no one will perceive him. Shortly afterwards, Moshiach will be hidden away, body and soul, in that Divine pillar [the spiritual incubation of this sublime soul]…Moshiach will thereupon rise up to heaven just as Moshe (Moses) ascended the firmament, and will subsequently [return] and be revealed completely for all to see. The entire Jewish people will the perceive him and flock to him.”
R’ Chaim Vital, Arba Mei’os Shekel Kesef, pg. 68, cited in And He Will Redeem Us, Mendelsohn Press pg. 134, cf. Sha’ar Hagilgulim ch 13
I pray that Jews will have eyes to see the beautiful wisdom they were entrusted with.