And He Appeared

The fourth “Bible-in-a-year” study is named “And he appeared”, or Vayera (וירא). That name is chosen because the first story in the study describes how the LORD (YHVH | יְהֹוָה [Yᵉhôvâh/ Yäˌwā]) appeared to Abraham one day as he sat outside his tent. Vayera continues with the series of tests of faith for Abraham, concluding in one great and final trial, just as we will see a final trial after continuous testing and failing. That is the sad truth of our history, and why we must all “repent” (Hebrew תשובה, Greek μετάνοια). Join us in our 4th Genesis-to-Revelation weekly Bible study.


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You will also find study guides by chapter and advanced study of the original languages following the Bible study outline. While it is our belief that many of the letters of the New Testament were originally written in Aramaic and/ or Hebrew, the Greek texts are used for study even when there are known Hebrew manuscripts (eg. Mathew and Hebrews).


Quick Bible Audio & Text:

Listen to all the Bible study below or click the link to read them at biblegateway.com in your favorite translation:


Bible Outlines & Chapter Study Guides

 

TORAH/ PENTATEUCH

  • Penteteuch/ Torah Genesis 18:1-22:20
    • Genesis 18:1| A Son Promised to Abraham and Sarah
    • Genesis 18:16| Judgment Pronounced on Sodom
    • Genesis 19:1| The Depravity of Sodom
    • Genesis 19:12| Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed
    • Genesis 19:30| The Shameful Origin of Moab and Ammon
    • Genesis 20:1| Abraham and Sarah at Gerar
    • Genesis 21:1| The Birth of Isaac
    • Genesis 21:8| Hagar and Ishmael Sent Away
    • Genesis 21:22| Abraham and Abimelech Make a Covenant
    • Genesis 22:1| The Command to Sacrifice Isaac
    • Genesis 22:20| The Children of Nahor

    Writings  II Kings 4

    • 2Ki 4:1 | Elisha and the Widow’s Oil
    • 2Ki 4:8 | Elisha Raises the Shunammite’s Son

    Prophets Jeremiah 23

    • Jeremiah 23 | THE BRANCH of David Regathers the House of Israel
    • Jeremiah 23:1 | He prophesies a restoration of the scattered flock.
    • Jeremiah 23:5 | Christ shall rule and save them.
    • Jeremiah 23:9 | Against false prophets;
    • Jeremiah 23:33 | and mockers of the true prophets.

    Gospels 

    • Mathew 1:1 | THE BRANCH of David arrives and is named “Salvation” in Hebrew
    • Mathew 27:1|The counsel against Jesus/ Yeshua from Priests & Elders.
    • Mathew 27:18|The envy of the Jews.
    • Mathew 27:19|The dream of Pilates wife.
    • Mathew 27:21|Barabbas (son of the father)is released instead of Jesus/ Yeshua;
    • Mathew 27:25|Jesus/ Yeshua hears the call for the blood of BarAbbas (son of the father) to be placed on the descendants of the Jews.

    Mathew Chapter 27 Study Guide

    Letters

    • 1 Peter 4 | Suffering of THE BRANCH of David (and Ours)
      • 1 Peter 4:1|He exhorts them to cease from sin and live fore God,
      • 1 Peter 4:12|and comforts them against persecution.

    1 Peter Chapter 4 Study Guide

    1 Peter Outline

    • Ephesians 2 | No Longer Gentiles Destined for Wrath, Now Israel
    • Ephesians 2:1|By comparing what we were by nature, with what we are by grace,
    • Ephesians 2:10|he declares that we are made for good works: and being brought near by Messiah
    • Ephesians 2:19|should not live as Gentiles and foreigners, but as citizens with the saints, and the family of God.

    Ephesians Chapter 2 Study Guide

    Ephesians Outline

    Hebrews Chapter 2 Study Guide

    Hebrews Chapter 3 Study Guide

    Hebrews Outline

    Revelation Chapter 2 Study Guide

    Revelation Chapter 3 Study Guide

    Revelation Outline

    More NT Mentions


Bible Study Commentary

Just as Abraham’s wife, Sarah, was barren, Isaac’s wife, Rebekah, was also unable to bear children. For twenty years she and Isaac tried to have a child. It is normal for a couple to desire children, but for Isaac it was critical. He was the inheritor of the great promises given to his father Abraham. If he did not have children, those promises could not be passed on to the next generation. Isaac turned to the LORD and entreated Him on behalf of Rebekah.

Jesus/ Yeshua teaches us to pray persistently. He said persistent prayer can be compared to a widow who continually entreated the local judge to hear her case (Luke 18:1-8). Though the judge neither feared God nor respected men, he decided to hear her case lest she wear him out with her nagging. If persistent entreaty works on an unjust judge who neither fears God nor men, how much more so will the just Judge of the universe be moved to answer our entreaties?

Scholars have always debated who the 3 men were speaking to Abram and who of the two went to Sodom and Gomorrah but both Abram and Lot bowed down and worshiped upon seeing these so-called Angels or men. An angel will never receive worship (Rev 19:10) and the Hebrew word used for their Worship is Strong’s #7812 shachah which is the strongest Hebrew word for worship there is, used a total of 172 times in the Old Testament.

As this story unfolds it becomes very clear Abraham and Lot are speaking with את Yeshua as we see in the hidden Aleph-Tav’s below. For no angel would receive worship and carry on a conversation with Abraham on whether or not He should destroy Sodom and Gomorrah without it being את Elohim.

The binding of Abraham’s son is an amazing foreshadow of the binding and once-for-all Passover sacrifice of God’s son, and we even see that in the Jewish writings:

The Midrash Rabbah makes some stunning comment on this passage,

“And Abraham placed the wood of the burnt-offering on Isaac his son” (Gen 22:5). Like a man who carries his cross (tzaluv) on his shoulder.”
Genesis Rabbah 56:3, Soncino Press Edition

“Abraham begot Isaac (25:19), to teach you that he was like his father in all things: in beauty, wisdom, riches, and good deeds. You must know that Isaac was thirty-seven years old when his father was about to sacrifice him, yet though it says: And Abraham was old and advanced in years, he bound him like a lamb and he did not restrain him”
Exodus Rabbah 1:1, Soncino Press Edition

Can there be any doubt that Jesus/ Y’shua is the Jewish Messiah: the Son of Abraham, Son of David?

THE ONLY SON
After leaving his ancestral homeland and emerging victorious from a world war, Avraham experienced the greatest test of all. The Torah says,

קַח־נא אֶת־בִּנְךָ אֶת־יְחִידְךָ אֲשֶׁר־אָהַבְתָּ אֶת־יִצְחָק

“Now take your son, your only son, whom you love, even Isaac, and go into the land of Moriah. Offer him there for a burnt offering on one of the mountains which I will tell you of.” Genesis 22:2

This is the first time the word love appears in the Torah.

This sacrifice of the Ben Yachid, the Only Son, is echoed in perhaps the most famous Biblical verse of all time,

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world should be saved through him. He who believes in him is not condemned. He who does not believe has been condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the one and only Son of God.”
John 3:16-17

More New Testament Mentions of Abraham

More New Testament Mentions of David

The story of how the citizens of Sodom welcomed the two strangers gives us the impression that inhabitants of the city were judged for their illicit sexual sins. Jude (Judah), the younger brother of Yeshua, explains that Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed because they “indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh” (Jude 1:7). But sexual depravity was not unique to Sodom and Gomorrah. It’s still with us today, and we don’t see fire and brimstone falling out of the sky onto today’s centers of immorality. Were there other sins and vices charged against those cities?

From ancient times there have been differing theories attempting to identify the real problem with Sodom and Gomorrah. The Talmud preserves a list of opinions that includes charges of sexual immorality, stinginess, blasphemy, avarice, selfishness, burglary, encroachment, extortion and injustice. Several of these sins may be derived from a passage in the book of Ezekiel, where the prophet metaphorically refers to the kingdom of Judah as Sodom:

Behold, this was the guilt of your sister Sodom: she and her daughters had arrogance, abundant food and careless ease, but she did not help the poor and needy. Thus they were haughty and committed abominations before Me. Therefore I removed them when I saw it. (Ezekiel 16:49-50)

The prophet Ezekiel lists sexual immorality as the final straw after an accumulation of social injustices. Ezekiel charged the people with enjoying “abundant food and careless ease” while neglecting the poor—a charge that could be leveled against most of us living in the West.

Tradition says that the primary sin of the men of Sodom and Gomorrah was their inhospitable welcome of strangers. Jewish legend embellished the story with other tales of how badly the people of Sodom treated guests and strangers. The people of Sodom came to represent the opposite of hospitality. Not only were they sexually deviant, but even worse, they were inhospitable. Clement, the disciple of Peter, followed the Jewish explanation in that he also saw hospitality and inhospitality as the main issues in the Sodom and Gomorrah story:

On account of his hospitality and godliness, Lot was saved out of Sodom when all the country round was punished by means of fire and brimstone, the Lord thus making it manifest that He does not forsake those that hope in Him, but gives up such as depart from Him to punishment and torture. (1 Clement 11:1)

Yeshua may be alluding to the hospitality explanation for the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah when He tells His disciples to seek hospitality in the homes and villages they enter. He tells them, “Whoever does not receive you, nor heed your words, as you go out of that house or that city, shake the dust off your feet. Truly I say to you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city” (Matthew 10:14-15).


Hidden Aleph-Tav’s

In the Hebrew Scriptures there are ‘hidden’ aleph-tav’s [את]  that aren’t usually translated into English. But they are very enlightening when we read them in the Hebrew because Jesus/ Yeshua said “I am Aleph-Tav (Alpha and Omega), the beginning and the end, the first and the last”. These are the ones we find in this week’s study:

As this story unfolds it becomes very clear Abraham and Lot are speaking with את Yeshua. For no angel would receive worship and carry on a conversation with Abraham on whether or not He should destroy Sodom and Gomorrah without it being את Elohim.

This same Hebrew word Angel that is used to describe the two men who went to Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen 19:1) is also used to describe the Angel who spoke to Moses from the burning bush who also received worship (Gen 3:2).

In Gen 18:19 we see יהוה Father makes the comment that Abraham will command את his children and that יהוה may bring upon Abraham everything את that which He has spoken about him…speaking about His promises. The placement of the את gives us insight.

In Gen 18:28 will you destroy for lack of five את all the cities?…implying that it is יהוה Father through את that will be deciding whether or not to destroy Sodom and Gomorrah.

Gen 19:10 But reached out the men את their hands and pulled את Lot into the house and shut the door…implying it is את that pulls Lot into the house and shuts the door. The fact, that Lot has an את in front of his name indicates he is a covenant child of את יהוה.

In Gen 19:13-14 For will destroy We את this place, because is waxed (knowngreatly the outcry against them before את the face of יהוה; and יהוה has sent us to destroy it. 14 And Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who married his daughters and said, get up, get out of this place; for will destroy יהוה את this city…implying that both יהוה and את are in agreement and will together destroy Sodom and Gomorrah because the cities sin has come up before את the face of יהוה but Gen 19:25 and 19:29 makes it clear that it is both יהוהthrough את that actually destroys the cities stating that 25 And He overthrew את cities and all the plain and all the inhabitants of the cities and that which grew on the ground…29 And it came to pass, when destroyed Elohim את the cities of the plain, remembered Elohim את Abraham and sent את Lot out of the midst of the destruction, when He overthrew את the cities in which Lot lived.

Also in Gen 19:15 then the angels hurried Lot saying, get up, take את your wife…implying that Lots wife is a covenant child of את and she is an example how covenant children can forfeit their lives if they disobey Elohim. All through the Tanakh the placement of the את (mark) of Yeshua in front of people’s names makes it clear who they belong to by covenant and make no mistake את children are representatives of את יהוה on earth. To harm them is to harm את יהוה and to bless them is to bless את יהוה Elohim (plural). A perfect case in point is Genesis 20:2 when Abimelech takes את Sarah into his house and in Gen 20:3, that night Elohim comes to Abimelech in a dream and says to him, “you are about to die”, because the woman who you have taken is another man’s wife. יהוה Father working His will, through את Y’shua both Elohim working together as ONE, this is the characteristics of the divine Yah-head unfolding.


Bible Study for Kids

It’s sometimes hard to make the Old Testament fun for kids. Try these Children’s activities:

Days of creation coloring


For Deeper Learning

Hebrew “Word of the Week” by Hebrew4Christians.com

Greek “Greek of the Week

Jews have been studying the Scriptures for centuries longer than Christians. And while most of them don’t believe in the “new testament”, their studies of the “old testament” are priceless, especially regarding the Jewish Messiah we know as Jesus/ Yeshua. We read in the 3rd chapter of Romans regarding the Jews that “unto them were committed the oracles of God”.

Heb 5:12 For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.

How often are we as believers in this category described in the book of Hebrews? How much more is there to learn besides what we hear every Sunday from someone else? This website and app is designed to help and empower individuals and HomeGroups.

Although most Jews today don’t “believe in Jesus”, MANY Jewish writings confirm His Messiahship!

THE BINDING
In the account of the Binding, the text makes includes an unusual detail that Isaac carried the wood to the place of sacrifice,

“Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Isaac his son. He took in his hand the fire and the knife. They both went together.”
Genesis 22:6

The Midrash Rabbah makes a stunning comment on this passage,

“And Abraham placed the wood of the burnt-offering on Isaac his son” (Gen 22:5). Like a man who carries his cross (tzaluv) on his shoulder.”
Genesis Rabbah 56:3, Soncino Press Edition

Isaac, the only son, is carrying the wood like a cross, and will be sacrificed “like a lamb.” While most illustrations and depictions portray Isaac as a young boy, the Rabbis teach that he was in his thirties, just like Jesus/ Yeshua. Exodus Rabbah says,

“Abraham begot Isaac (25:19), to teach you that he was like his father in all things: in beauty, wisdom, riches, and good deeds. You must know that Isaac was thirty-seven years old when his father was about to sacrifice him, yet though it says: And Abraham was old and advanced in years, he bound him like a lamb and he did not restrain him”
Exodus Rabbah 1:1, Soncino Press Edition

The phrase “like a lamb” links to Isaiah 53,

“He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he didn’t open his mouth. Like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearers is mute, so he didn’t open his mouth.”
Isaiah 53:7

Isaac asked his father a heartbreaking question as they journeyed to the destination, and Avraham’s response is incredibly prophetic,

“Isaac spoke to Abraham his father, and said, “My father?” He said, “Here I am, my son.” He said, “Here is the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?” Abraham said, “God will provide himself the lamb for a burnt offering, my son.” So they both went together.”
Genesis 22:7-8

The Hebrew is just as telling as the English translation. God did indeed provide HIMSELF.

The Targum speaks of the merit, of the act,

“And Abraham prayed in the name of the Word of the Lord, and said, ‘You are the L-rd who sees, and are not seen. I pray for mercy before You, O L-rd. It is wholly manifest and known before You that in my heart there was no division, in the time that You commanded me to offer Yitzchak my son, and to make him dust and ashes before You; but that forthwith I arose in the morning and performed Your word with joy, and I have fulfilled Your word. And now I pray for mercies before You, O L-rd G-d, that when the children of Yitzchak offer in the hour of need, the binding of Yitzchak their father You may remember on their behalf, and remit and forgive their sins, and deliver them out of all need. . . .”
Jerusalem Targum on Genesis 22 [9]

 



Read the Psalms in a Week

Sunday- 1-29 
Monday- 30-50 
Tuesday- 51-72 
Wednesday- 73-89 

Thursday- 90-106
Friday- 107-119 
Saturday- 120-150
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Additional Gospels + Acts-in-a-Year Chapters