The thirty-second Bible study this year starting in the book of Leviticus is called Behar (בהר), which means “On the Mountain.” The name comes from the first words of the first verse of the reading, which could be literally translated to read, “The LORD then spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai” (Leviticus 25:1). This study introduces the laws of the sabbatical years, the jubilee and laws concerning redemption. In most years, Jewish synagogues read this OT passage to the end of Leviticus. So will we, which will conclude Leviticus this week and we will move into Exodus next week.
In the prophets & writings we see the last days and the millennial reign in the Old Testament foretold. In the gospels, we see Jesus/ Yeshua teaching on the Sabbath.
The acts of the early church show us Paul’s Message in Diaspora Synagogues during Sabbaths. Romans 6 clarifies for us that we are free FROM sin, not TO sin. And finally in Revelation we see “Judgment After 1000 Years” as we are judged by our deeds, our works.
We see in this study God says He is “the God of all flesh; is there anything too hard for Me?” Indeed as the God of all flesh, nothing is too hard for Him. And that leads us to the dry bones being given flesh; a prophecy being fulfilled before our very eyes today.
You will also find study guides by chapter and advanced study of the original languages following the Bible study outline. While it is our belief that many of the letters of the New Testament were originally written in Aramaic and/ or Hebrew, the Greek texts are used for study even when there are known Hebrew manuscripts (eg. Mathew and Hebrews).
Quick Bible Audio & Text:
Listen to all the Bible study below or click the link to read them at biblegateway.com in your favorite translation:
- Pententateuch: Leviticus 25:1-27:34
- Prophets: Jeremiah 32:6-27, Isaiah 55, 56
- Gospels: Luke 13:1-33/John 10:22-42
- First Century Church Acts 13
- Letters: Romans 6
- Revelation: Revelation 20
Bible Outlines & Chapter Study Guides
- Leviticus 25:1 | The Sabbatical Year
- Leviticus 25:8 | The Year of Jubilee
- Leviticus 26:1 | Rewards for Obedience
- Leviticus 27:34 | These are the commandments which the LORD commanded Moses
- Jer 32:1 | Jeremiah Buys a Field During the Siege
- Jer 32:16 | Jeremiah Prays for Understanding
- Jer 32:26 | God’s Assurance of the People’s Return
- Isaiah 55, 56 | Millennial Reign
- Ezekiel 37:1-28 | Future Reunification of Southern and Northern Kingdoms (all 10 tribes, plus the house of Judah)
- Luke 4:16-21, John 10:22-42 | Jesus/ Yeshua teaching in the synagogue on Sabbath (Friday night to Saturday night)
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
- Acts 13:14 | The gospel of the kingdom preached at synagogue on Sabbath (Friday night to Saturday night)
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
- Romans 6:1 | Should we continue to break God’s law?
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
- Revelation 20:1 | Judgment After 1000 Years.
- (Greek Audio) (Interlinear)
Bible Study Commentary
I shall also grant peace in the land, so that you may lie down with no one making you tremble. I shall also eliminate harmful beasts from the land, and no sword will pass through your land. (Leviticus 26:6)
The thirty-second Bible study starting in the book of Leviticus is called Behar (בהר), which means “On the Mountain.” The name comes from the first words of the first verse of the reading, which could be literally translated to read, “The LORD then spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai” (Leviticus 25:1). This study introduces the laws of the sabbatical years, the jubilee and laws concerning redemption. In most years, Jewish synagogues read Behar together with the following study, Bechukotai.
The last reading from the book of Leviticus is called “In My statutes” Bechukotai (בחקותי). The name comes from the first verse of the reading, which begins with the words “If you walk in My statutes …” (Leviticus 26:3). This last reading from Leviticus promises blessings and rewards for Israel if they will keep the Torah, but punishment and curses if they break the commandments of the Torah. The last chapter discusses laws pertaining to vows, valuations and tithes.
Anyone who follows the news from the Middle East knows that the modern State of Israel does not currently enjoy a complete peace, shalom (שלום). Since the formation of the Jewish-only state, 70 years ago, the tiny nation of Israel has been sorely vexed by enemies both outside and inside her borders. The peace/ shalom of Israel is under constant threat from the hostile neighbor nations and from terrorists. But it is important to note that Israel has always been a people, not just a nation.
Leviticus says that when the people of Israel as a whole are walking in covenant faithfulness, she will vanquish her enemies. The Torah says that, “Five of you will chase a hundred, and a hundred of you will chase ten thousand, and your enemies will fall before you by the sword” (Leviticus 26:8). Notice that the ratio is not consistent between the five and the hundred. Five chasing one hundred yields a ratio of 1:20. One hundred chasing ten thousand yields a ratio of 1:100. Why the discrepancy?
Rashi explains, “You cannot compare a few who do the Torah to many who do the Torah.” In other words, the power of righteous people banding together increases exponentially. Five Torah keepers are great. They possess the spiritual potential by which each one of them can single-handedly defeat twenty of Israel’s enemies. One hundred Torah keepers have even greater spiritual potential. Each one of them possesses the potential to single-handedly defeat one hundred of Israel’s enemies.
This teaches that each individual who joins himself to the ranks of the faithful increases their efficacy by more than one. I am not sure if they will literally work on the field of battle until Messiah is at the head of the army, but remember the story of Jonathan and his armor bearer who single-handedly defeated a battalion of Philistines. And look to the 91st Psalm as well.
The point is that each person is critical to the whole. Likewise, the body of believers is more than just the sum of its parts. Each person who commits to a life of discipleship exponentially strengthens the entire body.
According to Leviticus, the most effective measure Israel could take to improve her security situation is to turn to the commandments of the Torah. When Messiah comes, He will fully turn Israel’s hearts back to Torah, and He will establish complete peace/ shalom in the land.
In the Hebrew Scriptures there are hidden aleph-tav’s [את] that aren’t usually translated into English. But they are very enlightening when we read them in the Hebrew. These are the ones we find in this week’s study:
In Lev 25:18 יהוה Father tells Moses that the Children of Israel are to keep (obey) את My statutes and My judgments. We cannot separate יהוה Father’s commandments in Torah from את Jesus/ Yeshua’s commandments that He spoke in the Brit Chadashah (New Covenant) for they cannot have different commandments…all commandments come from יהוה Father.
When Jesus/ Yeshua said in both John 14:15 If ye love Me, keep my commandments…and in John 15:10 If ye keep My commandments, ye shall abide in My love; even as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love. Jesus/ Yeshua was clearly talking about the commandments in Torah and we can see the proof of this in the OT/ Tanakh by the placement of the את. Lev 25:21 clearly points to the one who will be administering the blessings upon us as את Jesus/ Yeshua the Messiah if we obey His Torah. Lev 26:2 clearly points to את Jesus/ Yeshua as to whom is appointed over יהוה Father’s Sabbaths…Matt 12:8 For the Son of Man is Lord/Adonai even of the Sabbath. And in Luke 6:5 The Son of Man is also Lord/ Adonai of the Sabbath.
Lev 26:7 if we keep יהוה Father’s commandments our enemies will also be את Jesus/ Yeshua enemies. Lev 26:9 promises also that if we strive to keep Torah that את will establish יהוה Father’s Covenant with us and not reject us but Lev 26:15-38 begins the promises of judgment (chastisement) which will be administered by יהוה Father through את Jesus/ Yeshua against all His covenant children who do not honor יהוה Father’s Torah. The Book of Leviticus ends with a very important statement in Lev 27:34 which states…These are the commandments, which commanded יהוה את Moses for the Children of Israel in Mount Sinai…indentifying that the commandments written in the Torah belong to both יהוה Father and את Jesus/ Yeshua, who work together as ONE, and were administered through את Moses.
Bible Study for Kids
It’s sometimes hard to make the Old Testament fun for kids. Try these Children’s activities:
For Deeper Language Learning
Hebrew “Word of the Week” by Hebrew4Christians.com
Greek “Greek of the Week”