This week is the twenty-second study from the Bible-in-a-year and the second-to-last reading starting from the book of Exodus. The Bible study is called “and he assembled/ gathered.” The name comes from the first words of the first verse of the reading, which could be literally translated to read, “And Moses assembled all the congregation of the sons of Israel …” (Exodus 35:1). This study describes how the assembly of Israel worked together to build the Tabernacle and continues to the new tabernacle of Jerusalem coming down from heaven in the future.
You will also find study guides by chapter and advanced study of the original languages in the Bible study. While it is our belief that many of the letters of the New Testament were originally written in Aramaic and/ or Hebrew, the Greek texts are used for study even when there are known Hebrew manuscripts (eg. Mathew and Hebrews).
Bible Audio, Outlines & Text With Study Guides:
Listen to all the Bible study below or click the link to read them at biblegateway.com in your favorite translation:
- Exodus 35:1 | Sabbath Regulations
- Exodus 35:4 | Preparations for Making the Tabernacle
- Exodus 35:20 | Offerings for the Tabernacle
- Exodus 35:30 | Bezalel and Oholiab
- Exodus 36:8 | Construction of the Tabernacle
- Exodus 37:1 | Making the Ark of the Covenant
- Exodus 37:10 | Making the Table for the Bread of the Presence
- Exodus 37:17 | Making the Lampstand
- Exodus 37:25 | Making the Altar of Incense
- Exodus 37:29 | Making the Anointing Oil and the Incense
- Exodus 38:1 | Making the Altar of Burnt Offering
- Exodus 38:9 | Making the Court of the Tabernacle
Bible Study Commentary
We often see pictures of Jesus/ Yeshua in church, but in reality, Jesus himself never set foot in a church. He attended synagogue services, and He assembled along with all Israel at the Temple, but He did not go to church because there was no such thing.
Moses returned from atop Mount Sinai, radiating the glory of God. As soon as he arrived in the camp, he “assembled all the congregation of the sons of Israel.” This study takes its name from the first Hebrew word of Exodus 35:1, “vaykhel.” The verb kahal (קהל) means “to assemble,” so vaykhel (ויקהל) means “and he assembled.”
The descent of Moses at the end of the previous study alludes to the second coming of the Messiah. Just as Moses assembled Israel at the time of his appearing, when Messiah comes again, He will gather together the assembly of Israel from the four corners of the world. Then the whole nation of Israel with the Body of the Christ will be called the assembly of Messiah.
This concept helps us understand the meaning behind the New Testament word “church.”
As a noun, the Hebrew word kahal means “assembly,” “congregation,” or “community.” The Penteteuch/ Torah refers to the community of the tribes of Israel as the kahal, i.e., “the assembly,” a common Bible term denoting all Israel. The word kahal passes into the Greek Septuagint version of the Bible as ekklesia (ἐκκλησία). The Greek word ekklesia appears throughout the Greek version of the Old Testament to speak of the assembly of Israel or an assembly of worshippers in the Temple. However, when it occurs in the New Testament, English translators rarely render it as “assembly.” Inexplicably, English translators substitute the theologically charged term “church.”
The “church” translation of ekklesia has misled us. Because of the double standard in translation, it appears to most readers that “the church” first appeared in the New Testament at Pentecost/ Shavuot, completely disconnected from the Old Testament and the nation of Israel. After all, the word “church” never appears before the book of Matthew in English.
In reality, the word “church” does not appear in the Bible at all. By translating ekklesia as “church,” our English Bibles have led us to believe that “the church” is a new institution outside of and disconnected from Judaism and the Jewish people. But Jesus is our most beloved Jewish person in all the history of the world and He was an “observant” Jew.
All of this information about the original languages implies that the New Testament church needs to be understood in continuity with the Jewish people and their Jewish Messiah, not as a disjuncture. In the broad sense, the church is everyone grafted into the nation of Israel (Romans 11:11-31) and the Messiah will gather all Israel into His assembly. In the narrow sense, the church is a subset of the larger assembly of Israel, consisting of believers who have identified Jesus/ Yeshua as the Messiah and cast their allegiance with Him. But the details of this are too deep and misunderstood for a simple Bible reading as this.
This still is very easy to see clearly in the original languages. We read this week in Jeremiah what will eventually be brought down from heaven to God’s people – “the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.” But Revelation doesn’t tell us what is going to be going on in that tabernacle. We get that in Ezekiel, which tells us what will be going on in that eternal kingdom full of God’s people; Israel, the church.
We see clearly in Galatians 2 that Paul took the good news of being grafted in to the Gentiles for 14 years before meeting up with those who were gone out to those of the circumcision (Jews) because both Jews and Gentiles could be grafted in to the ekklesia, the church made up of Jews and Gentiles.
Hebrews 9 further clarifies what these sacrifices represent in the past, present and future.
In the Hebrew Scriptures there are hidden aleph-tav’s [את] that aren’t usually translated into English. But they are very enlightening when we read them in the Hebrew. These are the ones we find in this week’s study:
From Exodus 35:1 we see that the congregation actually belongs to את Yeshua (Jesus).
Also notice the את mark of Jesus/ Yeshua on all the furnishing for the Tabernacle starting in Ex 35:11 through verse 35:19, including the offering (Ex 35:21), the linen (Ex 35:25) and the stones and breastplate (Ex 35:27).
In Ex 36:1 we see it is יהוה Father, by His Spirit, that gives His anointing of Wisdom and Understanding to certain men who were chosen as craftsmen to do the physical work to create את furnishings to be used in the service in His Sanctuary. Throughout the rest of Exodus Chapter 36, through 40 we see the את again on all the temple furnishings including the scared anointing oil in Ex 37:29. Please note there are more את ‘s in these sections of scripture concerning the covenant temple furnishings than any other place in the Old Testament.
We see that the priestly garments in Ex 39:1 and the ephod in Ex 39:2 are sacred and they are made for את to wear as Aaron stands in His stead as High Priest to serve יהוה Father. This shows the strength of covenant with the Almighty. The same could be said about all the sacred vessels and furnishings throughout Exodus Chapters 38 through 40 even though they are not listed in the Bible study. Jesus/ Yeshua our Messiah has His את (mark), as the Strength of the Covenant, on everything pertaining to יהוה Father’s Tabernacle including His covenant children.
Bible Study for Kids
It’s sometimes hard to make the Old Testament fun for kids. Try these Children’s activities:
For Deeper Language Learning
Hebrew “Word of the Week” by Hebrew4Christians.com
Greek “Greek of the Week”